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Bystander Memories

Time period: 1940-1945



Number of interviews: 59



(permission required)


See also: master thesis of Katinka Omon, Omstanders en de jodenvervolging. De herinneringen van negen vrouwen aan de jodenvervolging 1940 – 1945. (2006)

Bystander Memories contains a total of 59 interviews with Dutch non-Jewish eyewitnesses to the persecution of the Jews. These interviews are part of a project carried out by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Oral History Department, where it falls under the ‘Europe Interview Projects: Interviews with Witnesses, Collaborators, and Perpetrators’.


In addition to the Dutch interviews, interviews were also conducted in (Belarusian) Russian, Greek, Macedonian, Polish, Ukrainian, Serbian, Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Moldavian, French, German, and Romanian. The number of interviews per country varies greatly. The project started in 1996 and is still running, see website USHMM: