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Labour Movement Twente

Collection former Film and Science Foundation
Time period: 1930-1960
Number of interviews: 10
Accessibility: Restricted
Transcripts: None
Period of interviews: 1976-1978

The collection has not yet been digitized and therefore cannot be viewed directly at Sound & Vision. Digitization can, however, be requested from Sound & Vision via: 

Medium: 5 audio tapes

Gerard Kuys – De vrees voor wat niet kwam : nieuwe arbeidsverhoudingen in Nederland 1935-1945, aan het voorbeeld van de Twentse textielindustrie

Niek Vos – De rauwe wet van vraag en aanbod: arbeidsverhoudingen in de Twents-Gelderse textielindustrie 1945 tot 1949

raditionally, Twente was an important center for the textile industry. Since 1830, the state invested in Twente. At its peak, about 160 factories were operating. Twente possessed a culture of strike action. As early as the end of the nineteenth century, factory workers began to unite in labor associations. The interviewees stand in these traditions and recount their experience between 1930 and 1960.


The interviews were conducted as part of the doctoral theses (economic and social) history (KUN) of the four interviewers, N. Vos, G. Kuys, J. Vos and E. Theloosen, on the subject of the labor movement and labor relations in the Twente textile industry 1930-1960.


A number of interviews were conducted with more than one person at a time. For example, Duyn, Ter Haar, the Kapitein couple and Pieperiet are together in one interview and the same goes for Messrs. Meijer and Tijdeman.



Almost all persons speak about the situation in the Twente textile industry from an active position in the leftist (trade) movement, especially NVV, NSV, NAS, EVC and OVB, in which, incidentally, a strong aversion to the CPN emerges. The exception is the liberal politician Stikker, who speaks more from the position of employers than from his views on the new (postwar) forms of cooperation between employers and employees. Among other things, he was the initiator of the Labor Foundation in 1945.