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Narrated (In)justice

NIOD - Nicole L. Immler
Number of interviews: 53
Period of interviews: 2014-2016

Case study 1: The colonial damage claims

Number of interviews: 28

Case 2: The Holocaust damage claims

Number of interviews: 16

Case 3: The slavery past

Number of interviews: 9


Foto van de tentoonstelling ‘De weduwen’, met portretten van Suzanne Liem en teksten van Nicole L. Immler. Nationaal Militair Museum, Soest, 1 april – 20 augustus 2017. © Nicole L. Immler.


Narrated (In)justice is a research project (2014-2016) by historian Nicole L. Immler that depicts how historical injustice increasingly demands public attention through financial compensation claims. Worldwide, compensation payments for victims have become an important part of ‘recognition’ in recent years. In the Netherlands, recent payments to Jewish-Dutch victims have played a role in the claims of victims of the decolonisation war in Indonesia (the so-called Rawagede case) and are also a point of reference in the claims of descendants of former enslaved people from the former colonies of Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles.


On the basis of three Dutch cases – relating to the Holocaust, colonialism and slavery – the project shows how the experience of injustice in families is passed on over generations, what the motivation behind compensation claims is, and what the perception and meaning of such measures is. The question is whether such compensation also meets people’s expectations of it.


The research Narrated (In)Justice is made possible by a Marie Curie Fellowship in the 7th European Community Framework Program, carried out within the research programme ‘Understanding the Age of Transitional Justice: Narratives in Historical Perspective’ of the NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies.


Relevant publications:

Immler, N. L., & Scagliola, S. (2020). Seeking justice for the mass execution in Rawagede/ Probing the concept of ‘entangled history’ in a postcolonial setting. Rethinking History, 24(1), 1 – 28.


Immler, N. L. (2018). Hoe koloniaal onrecht te erkennen? De Rawagede-zaak laat kansen en grenzen van rechtsherstel zien. BMGN – Low Countries Historical Review, 133(4), 57.





Immler, dr. N.L. (NIOD Instituut voor Oorlogs-, Holocaust- en Genocidestudies) (2017): Thematische collectie: Narrated injustice. DANS.