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The arrival and reception of repatriates in Amsterdam in 1945

Erna van Witsen-Weinberg (36), teruggekeerd uit de concentratiekampen Auschwitz, Ravensbrück en Neustadt-Glewe, op het Centraal Statuin, Amsterdam, eind juni 1945.
NIOD / Stichting Onderzoek Terugkeer en Opvang (SOTO)
 
Time period: 1945-
Accessibility: restricted public
Transcripts: Comprehensive summaries/reports arranged chronologically by theme or period
Period of interviews: 1999

link to collection

 

Follow the link.

Click on:

Inventaris

3. Egodocumenten

  3.2 Interviews

      47 Uitgewerkte interviews over de aankomst en ontvangst van repatrianten in Amsterdam in 1945, 1999.

Remarks:

The collection can only be consulted after obtaining written permission from the director of NIOD.

 

 

 

Bossenbroek, M. (2001). De meelstreep. Terugkeer en opvang na de Tweede Wereldoorlog. Bert Bakker.

Piersma, H. (Ed.). (2001). Mensenheugenis. Terugkeer en opvang na de Tweede Wereldoorlog. Getuigenissen.
Bert Bakker, Stichting onderzoek terugkeer en opvang.

Kristel, C. (Ed.). (2002a). Binnenskamers. Terugkeer en opvang na de Tweede Wereldoorlog: besluitvorming.
Bert Bakker.
Kristel, C. (Ed.). (2002b). Polderschouw. Terugkeer en opvang na de Tweede Wereldoorlog: regionale
verschillen. Bert Bakker.

Stichting Onderzoek Terugkeer en Opvang (SOTO)

NIOD 889, nventory numbers 47, 48-51

 

Many of the Jews returned from concentration camps and hiding places faced negative reactions from the Dutch population in the summer of 1945.

 

Dienke Hondius, “Welkom” in Amsterdam. Aankomst en ontvangst van repatrianten in de hoofdstad in 1945, in: Kristel, Polderschouw, 201-221

 

See also:

Terugkeer, Antisemitisme in Nederland rond de bevrijding

Dienke Hondius

ISBN: 9789012086455

Experiences of Sinti and Roma

NIOD / SOTO
 
Time period: 1945-
Accessibility: on request
Period of interviews: 1999

link to collection

 

Follow the link.

Click on:

Inventaris

3. Egodocumenten

  3.2 Interviews

     46 Uitgewerkte interviews over de ervaringen van Sinti en Roma, 1999.

Öfner, P. & M. Rooker, ‘Van schooien om brood tot het eisen van respect. De naoorlogse behandeling van Roma en Sinti’, in: H. Piersma (red.), Mensenheugenis. Terugkeer en opvang na de Tweede Wereldoorlog. Getuigenissen (Amsterdam 2001) 71-100.

Stichting Onderzoek Terugkeer en Opvang (SOTO)

NIOD 889, inventory number 46, 48-51

 

Uitgewerkte interviews over de ervaringen van Sinti en Roma, 1999.

 

In the summer months of 1945, the Sinti and Roma, who had been able to go into hiding, slowly came to the realisation that most of the deported family members had been murdered in the death camps.
In the years that followed, Sinti and Roma’s trust in the Dutch authorities was again severely damaged. Like Jewish survivors, they were not given back or compensated for their possessions after the war. They could not provide proof of ownership and were therefore not eligible for compensation for the confiscated caravans, horses and possessions. They retreated destitute and traumatised in their own circles. Most kept themselves alive in the first years after the war by eating at soup kitchens, by donations from the Catholic poor and by begging for food, clothes and money. Exceptions were the Sinti in gypsy orchestras, which were popular before the war and enjoyed a heyday in the famous red-plush establishments of the 1950s and 1960s.

 

 

Bossenbroek, M. (2001). De meelstreep. Terugkeer en opvang na de Tweede Wereldoorlog. Bert Bakker.

Piersma, H. (Ed.). (2001). Mensenheugenis. Terugkeer en opvang na de Tweede Wereldoorlog. Getuigenissen.
Bert Bakker, Stichting onderzoek terugkeer en opvang.

Kristel, C. (Ed.). (2002a). Binnenskamers. Terugkeer en opvang na de Tweede Wereldoorlog: besluitvorming.
Bert Bakker.
Kristel, C. (Ed.). (2002b). Polderschouw. Terugkeer en opvang na de Tweede Wereldoorlog: regionale
verschillen. Bert Bakker.

Repatriated citizens former Dutch East Indies

Aankomst Johan van Oldenbarneveldt met repatrianten in Amsterdam
NIOD / Stichting Onderzoek Terugkeer en Opvang (SOTO)
 
Time period: 1946-1952
Number of interviews: 29
Accessibility: restricted public
Transcripts: Comprehensive summaries/reports arranged chronologically by theme or period
Period of interviews: 1999

link to collection

 

Follow the link.

Click on:

Inventaris

3. Egodocumenten

  3.2 Interviews

   45 Uitgewerkte interviews over de ervaringen van burgers die gerepatrieerd zijn vanuit Nederlands-Indië, 1999.

Remarks:

De collectie is slechts raadpleegbaar na verkregen schriftelijke toestemming van de directeur van het NIOD.

 

Stichting Onderzoek Terugkeer en Opvang (SOTO)

NIOD 889, inventory numbers 45, 48-51, 72

 

The interviews are part of a study into the experiences of citizens from the former Dutch East Indies on return and reception in the Netherlands in the period 1946 – 1952.

The Foundation for Research on Return and Reception (SOTO) was set up in the summer of 1998 at the invitation of the Cabinet. The aim was to test the hitherto prevalent view that the reception of victims of the Second World War was cold and bureaucratic.

The interview collection consists of 29 interviews. The interviewees were selected on geographical distribution, different social and ethnic backgrounds, age at the time of repatriation, period of repatriation and gender.

 

The research resulted in an exhibition.
Return and reception after World War II, the educational project Thinking of Holland and
four publications.

 

The interviews focus on events and experiences in the years 1900 – 1999, with an emphasis on the period 1942 – 1960. They mainly discuss Indonesia, Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi and Thailand, the Netherlands and Japan. Themes include connection to the former Dutch East Indies, family history, daily life, Japanese occupation, World War II, Internment Camp, liberation, Red Cross, Rapwi, NICA, evacuation from camps, family reunification, reception, aid organisations, repatriation, migration, Ataka, reception address, reception in the Netherlands, medical care, education, aftermath, processing, KJBB, Pelita, WUV, WUBO, retrospective, role employer evacuation, BPM, KNIL, KPM, social career.

 

 

Bossenbroek, M. (2001). De meelstreep. Terugkeer en opvang na de Tweede Wereldoorlog. Bert Bakker.

Piersma, H. (Ed.). (2001). Mensenheugenis. Terugkeer en opvang na de Tweede Wereldoorlog. Getuigenissen.
Bert Bakker, Stichting onderzoek terugkeer en opvang.

Kristel, C. (Ed.). (2002a). Binnenskamers. Terugkeer en opvang na de Tweede Wereldoorlog: besluitvorming.
Bert Bakker.
Kristel, C. (Ed.). (2002b). Polderschouw. Terugkeer en opvang na de Tweede Wereldoorlog: regionale
verschillen. Bert Bakker.

Dutch Indies collection 400

Kamp Makassar, West-Java
NIOD Instituut voor Oorlogs-, Holocaust- en Genocidestudies
 
Time period: 1940-1983
Number of interviews: 6
Accessibility: public
Transcripts: no
Period of interviews: 1983, 1989
Remarks:

NIOD Collection 400 IC

The collection is in the public domain. Inventory numbers 8494 – 8498 can be consulted in NIOD’s reading room. Inventory number 1520 can be accessed directly online.

 

The East Indies collection was formed from archive and documentation material donated by private individuals. Since 1946, NIOD has been collecting material relating to the period starting with the run-up to World War II until the transfer of sovereignty in December 1949.

The focus has been on the experiences of Dutch people during the Japanese occupation. The collection contains 5 interviews with 6 people conducted for the documentary Je blijft toch een vreemde made by Marius van Deventer, 1983 and 1 interview conducted in 1989 with W.C. van Nifterik on World War II by Werner Zonderop. With the latter interview, poems by the interviewee are also available under inventory number 5444. These poems were written in Tjipinang prison.

 

The interviews discuss events and experiences in the years 1940 – 1983.
They mainly discuss Indonesia, Jakarta, Makassar and the Netherlands. Themes include World War II, Japanese occupation, Indonesian resistance, sentencing and imprisonment in Tjipinang prison, internment in Camp Makassar and Camp Vincentius, work in the lumbering construction crew, refugees from Singapore.

Witnesses & Contemporaries

Getuigen & Tijdgenoten (NIOD, KITLV)
 
Time period: 1945-1949
Number of interviews: 76, of which 5 group interviews
Accessibility: The collection is not accessible (yet). The collection will be unlocked in 2023.
Transcripts: Abstracts are available. Transcripts of most interviews are available; a report is available of a small number.
Period of interviews: 2017-2022
Medium: Digital audio flies (WAV, MP3, M4A, OGG)

Interviews conducted in local Indonesian languages include a translation into Bahasa Indonesia.

The interviews conducted in Bahasa Indonesia by Fridus Steijlen have been translated into English.

 

The material is managed by the NIOD. In the near future, the collection will be included at Data Archiving and Networked Services (DANS).

Within the research program Independence, decolonization, violence and war in Indonesia, 1945-1950, the Witnesses & Contemporaries project focuses on collecting the experiences of those involved in the Netherlands, Indonesia and other countries. The Witnesses & Contemporaries project aims to build a bridge between people who experienced the period between 1945 and 1950 in Indonesia and researchers.

 

The interviews focus on events and experiences in the years 1945 – 1949.
They mainly discuss Indonesia and the Netherlands. Themes include Indonesian revolution, KNIL, Darul Islam, Tentara Pelajar, TNI, Royal Navy, veterans, conscription, refusal of command, war criminal, MARVA, VHK, Red Cross, daily life, violence, demarcation line, protection camps, republican camps, Bandung Lautan Api, language, loyalties, eyewitness accounts, positioning, remembering and forgetting.

 

 

 

getuigen en tijdgenoten