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Testimonies Holocaust WWII, Crea 16

Number of interviews: 5

Sound medium: mp4

Transcriptions: none

Accessibility: Contact Peace Centre

Interviews used as basis for teaching materials

 

During the roundups of 1942, arrested Jewish Antwerp citizens were gathered in municipal buildings. This also happened in primary school 16, the current urban primary school Crea 16. 

On the occasion of the commemoration of the events that took place on the playground
of Crea 16 on 28 August 1942, an elaborate educational programme was made “Urban primary school Crea 16 during the Second World War”. 

 

An audiovisual part consists of edited video fragments of about 10 to 12 minutes.
Five witnesses reflect on their experiences as children during the war years. These video testimonies came about thanks to a school project of the Stedelijk Lyceum Linkeroever about going to school in wartime. The Peace Centre supported this project.

 

Inspiration collection Youth in wartime

A young look at the Second World War

 

This collection of inspiration was created on the occasion of the commemoration of the events that took place in the Crea 16 playground on 28 August 1942. At that time, hundreds of Jews were rounded up in the Zurenborg neighbourhood and gathered on the school playground. In the early morning, they were taken to the transit camp de Dossin Barracks in Mechelen. This story can be found here in the reading text “Stedelijke basisschool Crea 16 tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog”. Let this elaborate example inspire you to get to work yourself.

 

This inspiration booklet will help you on your way.
This bundle for teachers consists of 6 parts:
1. An audio-visual part (video fragments);
2. Three pillars of remembrance education;
3. Teaching opportunities;
4. Texts for teaching and a timeline;
From the archive: time documents;
6. Suggestions for additional activities

Collections day WWII, 2019

 

 

Number of interviews: 

Sound medium: WMA

Transcriptions: short summaries

Accessibility: contact with Peace Centre

In 2019, it was 75 years since Antwerp was liberated from German occupation. With the passage of time, passing on this past to future generations gains importance.

 

Therefore, on Sunday 3 February 2019, people came to the FelixArchief with their stories, objects and documents from the Second World War. The testimonies were recorded.

A photo and a description were made of the objects brought along, so that the corresponding story is preserved.

 

 

Some of the material (both audio and the collected archive documents) served as the basis for an exhibition.

Occupied Belgium

 

Number of interviews: 54

nld: 45

fra: 3

unknown: 6

Transcriptions: partly

Original carriers: audiotapes, audiocassettes and minidiscs

Current files: mp3; wav; flac

Accessibility: in the reading room

Obligatory registration as reader of the General State Archives and State Archives in the Provinces.

Dirk Martin studied history at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) where he defended his thesis on local political personnel during the interwar period. He was a scientific collaborator at CegeSoma from 1979 to 2016, holding various positions such as head of Archives, head of the Documentation Sector and Acting Director. He is also a member of several official management bodies and associations in the research sector. Notably, he was the Secretary of the Documentation Group of the Federal Scientific Establishments. He left CegeSoma after having been its director from September to December 2016.

Dirk Martin’s research areas were varied. His interests included Belgium’s foreign policy before, during and after the Second World War, communal policy of the interwar period, cultural policy under occupation and, more generally, sources relating to Belgium during the Second World War.

As part of his research, Dirk Martin conducted some fifty interviews between the 1980s and 2001, mostly in Dutch on a variety of themes, but mainly on collaboration and resistance in occupied Belgium. Several of his interviews address these issues at the local level in cities such as Ghent, Leuven and Antwerp. The result of his research on the subject has led to the publication of several key books including De Rijksuniversiteit Gent tijdens de bezetting 1940-1944. Leven put de vijand and Antwerp sous l’Occupation, 1940-1945.

Other interviews with Dirk Martin concern culture and the arts during the occupation (dance, music and literature), Belgians in Great Britain and the United States during the Second World War, propaganda and Belgian trade unionism abroad.

De Rijksuniversiteit Gent tijdens de bezetting 1940-1944 : leven met de vijand
Dirk Martin

Gepubliceerd in 1985 in Gent door Archief van de Rijksuniversiteit Gent

Antwerpen 1940-1945

Dirk Martin, Lieve Saerens

ISBN: 9789085422488 
augustus 2011 

Buchenwald

 

Number of interviews: 27

nld: 2

fra: 17

unknown: 8

Transcriptions: no

Original carriers: audiotapes, audiocassettes and minidiscs

Current files: mp3; wav; flac

Accessibility: in the reading room

Obligatory registration as reader of the General State Archives and State Archives in the Provinces.

The majority of the interviews Daniel Rochette conducted in 1973-74 concerned testimonies of former deportees to Buchenwald. This is in addition to the documentation he compiled on the subject and is now archived at CegeSoma. This documentation contains, among other things, the archives of the Amicale Buchenwald and some documents on revisionism. Daniel Rochette also conducted two interviews on Breendonck in 1981.

Daniel Rochette collaborated with Jean-Marcel Vanhamme to publish Les Belges à Buchenwald.

Antwerp Jewish Historical Archive – Archives of Sylvain Brachfeld

 

Number of interviews: 120

Original carrier: audio cassettes

Digitised: wav, mp3

Access: online, FelixArchief reading room (registration required)

The archive is freely consultable

 

This archive contains a wealth of information about the Jewish presence in Antwerp and also testifies to the life and work of Sylvain Brachfeld, author and guardian of the history and memory of the Antwerp Jewish community. The archive consists of two large parts: the manuscripts and publications of Sylvain Brachfeld himself, with hundreds of articles, various books and poems written by him. In them, he describes every possible facet of Jewish life. The second part contains the testimonies he collected, including some 200 audiocassettes, more than 1200 photographs, slides, negatives and videotapes. Various books and studies relating to Judaism in Belgium are also present. The audio cassettes form a very important part of the archive. In the 1970s, Mr Brachfeld interviewed many Jewish families in Antwerp, resulting in about 120 stories with precious memories, since many of those witnesses are already deceased. He himself belongs to the last generation who can still testify directly about the Shoah.

 

Sylvain Brachfeld used his research for several publications

Johannes Blum Collection

 

Number of interviews: > 1100

Number of recordings: > 1200

Kazerne Dossin digitised the interviews and converted them to MP4.

The research files consist of both paper and digital documents, which were merged by Kazerne Dossin into a digital file.

Among those interviewed are Jewish camp survivors, Jewish and non-Jewish resistance fighters, political prisoners, hidden children, hidden adults, hostages, refugees, survivors of the Rwandan genocide, Spanish Civil War volunteers, anti-fascists and children of members of these groups of witnesses. Most of the witnesses lived in Belgium during and post-war.

 

In 1987, Johannes Blum started recording testimonies of Holocaust survivors in Belgium, and from 1993 he made audiovisual recordings. Over the years, he interviewed more than 1,100 people, some of them several times. For each interview, Johannes Blum also compiled a research file, including copies of documents, newspaper clippings, photos of the witness, (scans of) historical photos, written testimonies, publications and obituaries. In 2003, Johannes Blum contacted the Jewish Museum of Deportation and Resistance, the predecessor of Kazerne Dossin. His collection was then transferred to the archives of the JMDR. Kazerne Dossin continues to digitise the recordings and research files.

The last witnesses

 

Number of interviews: 15

Carrier: Betacam and VHS

Transcriptions: available

 

Only the DVDs are available in the Kazerne Dossin reading room.

The whole collection has been preserved by the Cinematek.

Access: Registration, request

 

 

 

 

During the Second World War, millions of people lost their lives in German concentration camps. There were survivors, but they are slowly dying out. Soon there will be no more people who can testify at first hand about the horrors of the camps. Their memories – however horrific – must never disappear.

 

A book has been published and a documentary made

The five-part documentary by Luckas Vander Taelen records the story of fifteen Flemish Holocaust survivors and imprisoned resistance fighters.

Authors: Luckas Vander Taelen, Dirk Verhofstadt, Guy Verhofstadt

Publisher : VBK – Houtekiet (August 25, 2011)
Language : Dutch

ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 9089241981

ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-9089241986

De laatste getuigen is a five-part documentary made in 1991 by Luckas Vander Taelen for VTM. It is a timeless document that has lost nothing of its power even 20 years later. In the series we see how the filmmaker and fourteen Belgian survivors return to the concentration camps where they were held during the Second World War. Seven of them are Jews, the other seven were arrested and deported by the Nazis and their accomplices because of their political convictions and acts of resistance.

Luckas Vander Taelen spoke extensively with these last witnesses of the Nazi horror, first here in Belgium and then during a journey to the camps where they had been imprisoned for months or years during the war. They returned to Dachau, Ravensbrück, Natzweiler, Mauthausen, Buchenwald, Gross-Rosen, Bergen-Belsen, Auschwitz-Birkenau and other places.

 

They testify about their experiences, from the moment they were picked up, their deportation, arrival and life in the camps, and later their liberation and return to Belgium. The result is one of the most striking and penetrating documents about this terrible period in our country’s history.

During the recording, a fifteenth witness was added: Samuel Hejblum, a Jew, was deported to the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp on 5 August 1942. There he worked for a fortnight in a special commando who was in charge of the first gas chambers. His duties included carrying the bodies to the crematoria. Later, he also had to empty the goods wagons that brought the Jews from all over Europe to Auschwitz and sort out their meagre possessions. This is a unique testimony from one of the few survivors of a Sondercommando.

Women’s concentration camp

Working for Philips (in Kamp Vught)

Collection former Stichting Film en Wetenschap

 

Number of persons: 2
Interviewer: Fred de Kok
Number of interviews: 7
Production date: 1982
Type of interview(s): scientific
Carrier: 6 audiotapes + 2 cassettes
Accessibility: limited
Transcription: none

The interviews with Tineke Wibaut (1922-1996, daughter-in-law of the well-known Amsterdam alderman Wibaut) and Ms Wijnalda focus on their experiences in the resistance movement during World War II and their subsequent internment in camp Vught and then in the Ravensbrück women’s concentration camp. They talk about the work they did for Philips in Vught and for the German electronics company Telefunken in Ravensbrück.

 

Interviewee(s): Mrs. V.E. Wibaut-Guilonard (4x), Mrs. Wijnalda (3x)

Subject: Second World War, resistance, camp Vught, Ravensbrück women’s concentration camp

Dutch film industry during World War II

Collection former Stichting Film en Wetenschap

 

Interviewers: Egbert Barten, Jan Pet, Mette Peters, Aad van der Struis

Number of persons: 13

Number of interviews: 19

Type of interview(s): scientific
Production date: 1987-1993

Accessibility: restricted
Transcription: none

 

 

“Were films made during the war?”, people often ask you when you say that you have been researching Dutch film in the Second World War for years. Yes, you name it, it was made in the Netherlands during that time: feature films, documentaries, propaganda films, animated films, advertising films and youth films.

For his research into The Dutch Film Industry during the Second World War, Egbert Barten interviewed the following people:

H.N.J. Beekman, F.P. van den Berg, Joop van Essen, A.C.J. Holla (2x), mw. Hornecker, Frits Kahlenberg, Jan Koelinga (2x), A.W.H. Kommer, R.J. Meijer (3x), E. van Moerkerken, Th.E. van Putten (2x), Gerard Saan, B.P. Wijnberg (2x).

 

The Filmkrant of July/August 2002, no 235, contains an article on this subject.

Philips-commando

Collectie voormalige Stichting Film en Wetenschap

 

Interviewers: : Th. Minderaa, J. Rijken, W. Velema
Aantal interviews: 6

Geluidsdrager: 7 geluidsbanden
Type interview(s): wetenschappelijk
Productiedatum: 1971-73

Toegankelijkheid: b.v. onderzoek
Transcriptie: 4 van de 6 volledige transcriptie

 

 

Dr. E.J.W. Verwey, curator of the RUU, took the initiative to research the Philips commando in the Vught concentration camp after a reunion of people who had been involved. 
Verwey himself had also been in the camp. Via Prof. von der Dunk, student W. Velema was found willing to carry out the research and write a doctoral thesis on the subject.
Braakman, Laman Trip, Peeters and De Wit were interviewed together. At the time, they were involved in the leadership of the Command and thus had to deal with the daily practice of ‘Vught’. A more general discussion is also held with Philips and Rathenau about the Philips group in the period 1940-45. F. Philips, at the time of the interview president of the Board of Directors of NV Philips, was director of the Philips factories in Eindhoven. Rathenau was involved with the Jewish (SOBU) workshop of Philips, among other things. At the time of the interview, he was Professor of Mathematics and Physics at the Municipal University of Amsterdam.