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Sound studio Siegro

Stichting Film en Wetenschap
Time period: 1940-1970
Number of interviews: 1 (1 person)
Accessibility: Restricted
Transcripts: None
Period of interviews: 1986

The collection has not yet been digitized and therefore cannot be viewed directly at Beeld & Geluid. Digitization can, however, be requested from Beeld & Geluid via: 

Medium: 1 cassette tape

In the interview, Sieburgh talks about his experiences as a sound engineer. In 1942, together with Koos Groeneveld, he founded the Siegro sound studio in Rotterdam. During the war years, his duties included acting as a “listening post” after radios had to be turned in in the Netherlands and working on (repairing) secret transmitters. Eventually he ended up in the circles of the resistance organization LO-LKP. In 1944 he had to go into hiding for some time. In the last war period and during the liberation, he worked for Radio Herrijzend Nederland. Among other things, he drove around in a report truck of the Internal Armed Forces in order to make as many recordings as possible.


After the war, Sieburgh and Groeneveld continued to expand their sound engineering business, working for professional theater and broadcasters, “doing” radio advertising, and providing sound for films, among other things. For example, Sieburgh made the sound recordings for several documentaries by Herman van der Horst, including ‘t Schot is te boord. In the late 1960s, the company came to an end and Sieburgh continued on his own. Technical matters frequently come up in the interview.

Johan Hendrik van Zweden, art and resistance

Gemeentemuseum Arnhem
Time period: 1939-1945
Number of interviews: 2 (1 person)
Accessibility: for research purposes
Transcripts: none
Period of interviews: 10 and 12 November 1970

The collection has not yet been digitized and therefore cannot be viewed directly at Sound & Vision. Digitization can, however, be requested from Sound & Vision via:

Medium: 1 audio tape

Title: Johan Hendrik van Zweden: leven en werken

Authors: F. van Dijk, C. Hofstreenge, H.C. Scheerder, T. Wibaut-Guilonard en H.J.W. Drijvers

Publisher: Groningen: Benjamin & Partners, 1996

IBSN: 9054770163

The then director of Arnhem’s Gemeentemuseum Pierre Jansen (1926-2007) interviewed the painter-sculptor Johan Hendrik van Zweden (1896-1975) in 1970 on the eve of a retrospective exhibition of his work in Arnhem to mark his 75th birthday. Van Zweden was a pupil of Jan Altink and Jan Wiegers, who together founded De Ploeg and introduced German expressionism to the Netherlands. Van Zweden was also a member of the Groningen artists’ circle. During his Groninger years, many portraits were made of Van Zweden (nicknamed “Shanghai Bobby” because of his Asian features) by Ploeg members, showing personal friendship and sympathy. During World War II, he joined the artists’ resistance, but was soon arrested and imprisoned in Kamp Vught.


The interview includes a discussion of Van Zweden’s resistance activities during the German occupation and his stay in the Vught concentration camp, to which he was transferred in 1943 after his arrest. There, with the knowledge of the camp commander, he was able to set up his own studio. After the commander’s departure, he worked in the drawing room of the Philips workshop in Vught. In the camp, among other things, he made portraits of his fellow prisoners.


In May 1944, he was deported to Dachau concentration camp, from which he was liberated in April 1945. After the war, he was appointed by Mart Stam, as a replacement for the fallen sculptor Frits van Hall, to teach at the Institute for Arts and Crafts Education (later the Gerrit Rietveld Academy) in Amsterdam.

Alphons Bouwman, spokesperson for the small farmers

Historisch Geluidsarchief RUU
Time period: 1934-1945
Number of interviews: 1 (1 person)
Accessibility: for research purposes
Transcripts: summary
Period of interviews: 1965

Type interview: scientific

The collection has not yet been digitized and therefore cannot be viewed directly at Beeld & Geluid. Digitization can, however, be requested from Beeld & Geluid via:

Medium: 4 audio tapes

R. Schuurbiers and S.J. Vellenga interviewed seventy-one-year-old Alphons Bouwman (1894-1968) about his role in the peasant protest, the Actie Bouwman and his role within National Socialism.


Bouwman became the action leader of the protest “Actie voor den Kleinen Boer,” also known as the “Actie Bouwman,” in 1934. Subsequently, Bouwman continued to work for the small farmers and decided to enter politics. He ran for the House of Representatives on behalf of the “Small Self-Employed”. Bouwman’s own nursery suffered; he put a lot of time and money into his campaign. Success in the House of Representatives elections became a neck and neck for Bouwman . Bouwman lost and failed to gain a seat in the 1937 elections.


Then, with the remnants of his movement, Bouwman sought to join Arnold Meijer’s “Zwart Front,” a fascist and anti-Semitic organization. In 1940, he joined the NSB, which led to his appointment as mayor of Budel in 1943. After the war, he was arrested and detained in the internment camp in the Horssen forest. He received an eight-year prison sentence, but was pardoned after four years.


For further information on this interview and the interviewed, see: SFW-werkuitgave no. 8 (1995), p.8.

Supervisor E.A. Bolte of the Nederlandse Spoorwegen and resistance

Historisch Geluidsarchief RUU
Time period: 1939-1945
Number of interviews: 1 (1 person)
Accessibility: for research purposes
Transcripts: complete
Period of interviews: 3 June 1965

Type interview: scientific

The collection has not yet been digitized and therefore cannot be viewed directly at Beeld & Geluid. Digitization can, however, be requested from Beeld & Geluid via:

Medium: 2 audio tapes

A conversation between K. Schaap and P.R.A. van Iddekinge of the Arnhem Municipal Archives with E.A. Bolte, supervisor of the Dutch Railways, regarding his fate and (resistance) activities during the Second World War. During the war he lived at Utrechtseweg 48 opposite the Gemeentemuseum in Arnhem. The conversation took place on June 3, 1965, in Bolte’s house: Bosweg 3 in Velp.


For more information about the interview and the interviewee, see: SFW-werkuitgave no. 8 (1995), p.7


Papua: a history

Time period: 1920-2004
Number of interviews: 36
Accessibility: public
Period of interviews: 2000-2004

The collection will be public and accessible during 2023. The collection can then only be accessed in the reading room or listened to online via a protected environment (password required).
The files cannot be downloaded.


The interviews were conducted as part of Dirk Vlasblom’s publication Papua: a history. This book covers five centuries of Papua’s history, focusing on the period from 1945 onwards and with a special focus on the transfer from the Netherlands to Indonesia in 1962. The book focuses on the perspective of Papuans.

The interviews focus on events and experiences in the years 1920 – 2004.
They mainly discuss Indonesia and West Papua. Themes include World War II, Indonesian revolution, transfer to Indonesia in 1962, occupation.


The collection has been digitised and stored permanently at an e-depot.

Papoea: Een geschiedenis

Vlasblom, D. 

University Press, Amsterdam, 2004

ISBN 90-5330-399-5
9 789053-303993

Dirk Vlasblom (1952) studied cultural anthropology in Utrecht. With a brief interruption, he has been a correspondent for NRC Handelsblad in Jakarta since 1990. He previously published Jakarta, Jakarta – Reportages from Indonesia (1993), In a warung on the South Sea – Stories from Indonesia (1998) and Anchors & Chains – A Rotterdam Chronicle (2001).
In a compelling way, the author tells the stories of Papua. For this, he drew on unique sources. Protagonists and eyewitnesses speak for themselves, often for the first time. The archives of mission and mission were systematically researched for this book, also for the first time.
With this magisterial work, the author gives the Papuans their history.

Military Authority

Historisch Geluidsarchief RUU / R. de Koeyer, J. Rijken
Time period: 1944-1945
Number of interviews: 3
Accessibility: for research purposes
Transcripts: no
Period of interviews: 1970

Medium: 4 sound tapes

Zeeuws archief


Film footage of the destruction of Zeeuws-Vlaanderen (1944 Sep.-Oct.), the liberation of Middelburg (1944 Nov.) and the destruction of Koewacht by a V1 (1945 Mar.), 1944-1945.

The interviews were made for the doctoral thesis on history (RUU) of R. de Koeyer under the (probable) title Het Militair Gezag in Zeeuws-Vlaanderen.
P. de Bruyne was First Additional Officer Military Authority in Zeeuws-Vlaanderen in 1944-45

W. de Kok was interned by order of the MG in 1944-45 on charges of sympathising with the NSB

C.W. Slot (vice-admiral b.d.) held the position of provincial commissioner of Zeeland at the MG.



  • P. de Bruyne
  • W. de Kok
  • C.W. Slot

The history of South Sulawesi

KITLV / W.T. IJzereef
Time period: 1905-1986
Number of interviews: 15
Accessibility: public
Transcripts: Interview reports available
Period of interviews: 1981-1985

The material can be requested via the online catalogue of UB Leiden. The recordings can be listened to in the Special Collections Reading Room.

Medium: cassettebandjes

IJzereef, W.T., De wind en de bladeren : hiërarchie en autonomie in Bone en Polombangkeng (Zuid-Sulawesi), 1850-1950. Proefschrift Groningen, 1994. 



De Zuid-Celebes affaireKapitein Westerling en de standrechtelijke executies

Willem IJzereef

Uitgeverij de Bataafsche Leeuw B.V.

For his research on the history of South Sulawesi, in particular political-military developments during the Indonesian revolution, Willem IJzereef conducted some 15 interviews with former government officials and former military personnel.
Records of the interviews and research correspondence are also included in the archive.


The interviews focus on events and experiences in the years 1905 – 1986.
They mainly discuss Indonesia, South Sulawesi. Themes include World War II, Indonesian revolution, Domestic Administration, government officials, South Celebes affair.


Publications linked to the collection: IJzereef, W. (1984). The South Celebes affair: captain Westerling
and the summary executions. Batavian Lion.


Archive and inventory no: D H 1284. Thirteen cassette tapes have been transferred to the AV collection of the KITLV (D AUD 1085 – 1097)


Historisch Geluidsarchief RUU / R.L. Schuursma. P. Verhoeven
Time period: 1940-1945
Number of interviews: 3
Accessibility: for research purposes
Transcripts: summary
Period of interviews: 1967

Medium: 8 sound tapes


  • J.M. van Ameijde
  • H.A. Das
  • S.S.P. de Man


Interviewer: R.L. Schuursma, P. Verhoeven


For more information on the interviews and interviewees, see: Film and Science Foundation (SFW) working edition no. 8 (1995), pp. 1, 10, 32.


VPRO / H.J.A. Hofland, Hans Verhagen, Sytze van der Zee
Time period: 1938-1948
Number of interviews: 24
Accessibility: for research purposes
Transcripts: yes
Period of interviews: 1974

Medium: 28 sound tapes

part 1

part 2

part 3

part 4


Vastberaden maar soepel en met mate, 1938-1948. Herinneringen aan Nederland

Auteurs : H.J.A, Hofland, Hans Keller / Hans Verhagen

Uitgever : Atlas Contact B.V., 1976
ISBN : 9789025420376

A historiography of the Netherlands from 1938 to 1948 based on interviews with mostly ordinary people about the crisis years, the brief revival from 1938, WWII and the decolonisation of Indonesia interspersed with archive material including feature film and sound clips.

From the 1970s, there had been a shift in perspective on WWII. It was no longer good to beat oneself up and only point the accusing finger at the collaborator, the Nazi or the criminal.

This change was reflected in the 1974 VPRO documentary. It focused on the failure of the authorities and the mental kinship of collaborators and ‘ordinary’ citizens. The story is an ‘anti-epic’ of confusion, self-interest, doubt, helplessness and absurdity.


The interviews were made for the VPRO production Vastberaden, maar soepel en met mate. Memories of the Netherlands 1938-1948, by H.J.A. Hofland, Hans Keller and Hans Verhagen. Television broadcast took place on 15 October 1974 (2 hours 55 mins). An edited version was broadcast on 29 June 1977 and repeated on 27 August 1989.
The interviewees recount their memories of the last pre-war years, the Second World War and the first post-war period from the different positions they held at the time. Sometimes they are authorities such as the politicians Burger and Schermerhorn, the historian Bouman, the communist resistance fighter Gortzak and also the press chief of Reichskommissar Seyss-Inquart, Willi Janke. In addition, however, several ‘ordinary people’ are featured, on whose history in and around the war the producers were particularly keen to emphasise. Examples include the Amsterdam-based Ms de Bruin and her friend, the resistance fighter De Graaf, the NSB member J.B. and the German soldiers stationed in the Netherlands during the occupation. Rasterhof, Van der Schaaf, Scheps and Slui give their views on the so-called Schokking affair. Mr F.M.A. Schokking was mayor of Hazerswoude during wartime and played a role in the arrest of the Jewish family Pino. After the war, he became mayor of The Hague until the affair was raised and forced him to resign. At Slui’s house, the Pino’s had spent some time in hiding during the war.
Most of the interviews were conducted by Hans Verhagen. Sytze van der Zee also participated in the interview with Willi Janke. The interview with Van Walsum – ultimately not included in the documentary – was conducted by Henk Hofland.

The makers of the documentary published a book containing (some of) the texts from the television film: Determined but Supple and Moderate. Herinneringen aan Nederland 1938-1948, Amsterdam: Contact, 1976. Keller and Hofland provided the book with introductory articles, chronicling the general principles of and practical preparations for production. The book is available at SFW.
Chris Vos analysed the documentary in his article ‘An indifferent history? The significance of the VPRO documentary Vastberaden, maar soepel en met mate for Dutch audiovisual historiography’, in: Jaarboek Mediageschiedenis 5, Amsterdam: Stichting Mediageschiedenis/Stichting beheer IISG, 1993, pp. 227-260. He did the same in his dissertation Television and Occupation. Een onderzoek naar de documentaire verbeelding van de tweede Wereldoorlog in Nederland, Hilversum: Verloren, 1995, pp. 128-153.
In 1989, the documentary was repeated as part of the VPRO series TVTOEN. or: How Dutch television writes history. There, the makers talked about the making of the film, their underlying ideas, the Schokking affair and (former prime minister) de Quay refusing an interview.


Interviewee(s): Henriette de Beaufort, H. Blok, Ms de Bruin and Ms Anchelon, Prof P.J. Bouman, Mr J.A.W. Burger, Henk Gortzak, Willi Janke, J.B. (initials only), Cas de Graaf, Mr P.J. and Ms Kruger[s], B.J.
Kouw, Gerrit Kouwenaar, J. Osten, L. Rasterhof, S.J. van der Schaaf, prof. W. Schermerhorn, Daan Slui, G.E. van Walsum, Lex van Weren, mr. J.C. de Wit, J.H. Scheps, mr. Kwiet, 2 (anonymous) German soldiers, 5 ‘border residents’

Camp Amersfoort

VPRO / Hans Verhagen
Time period: 1939-1969
Number of interviews: 25
Accessibility: for research purposes
Transcripts: yes
Period of interviews: 1977-1978

Medium: 12 sound tapes

Geschiedenis van een Plek, concentratiekamp Amersfoort

Authors: Armando, Hans Verhagen en Maud Keus

De Bezige Bij, 1980

ISBN: 9789023452683

The interviews were made for the three-hour documentary film History of a Place, which Hans Verhagen made together with Armando in 1978 for VPRO television about the concentration camp Amersfoort (municipality of Leusden). They approach their subject as the history of the (‘guilty’) site. Discussed are: the origins of the camp in 1939 as an army site for mobilised Dutch soldiers, its function as the German occupier’s concentration camp during World War II, its use as a repatriation camp the first months after liberation and as an internment camp for Dutch SS and NSB members immediately afterwards, its demolition in the late 1960s in favour of the new building for the De Boskamp Police Training Centre. The focus, however, is on the period when the camp served as a concentration camp for the German occupiers. The film was broadcast as the final episode of the series Het gat van Nederland, on 14 May 1978. Many of the interviews are partly conducted walking, including a film camera, through the area around the camp.
As ex-prisoners, Van Dam, Kleinveld, Molenaar, Zoetmulder, Wolders, Van den Burg, Van den Berg, Robeer, chaplain Slots and Schols recount their experiences in the camp. They had mostly ended up there because of resistance activities. They talk about the camp executioners Berg and Kotälla, among others. Also
The following are also interviewed: the contractor who built the barracks in 1939 (Herzinger); the caretaker of the cemetery near the camp, who buried the dead from the camp but also smuggled the living from the site (Jansen); a municipal worker from Leusden who helped prisoners escape whenever possible,
sending letters etcetera (Schut); the son of the owner of Hotel Oud-Leusden, which had been requisitioned by the Germans during the occupation period and was located right next to the camp (Jets); the house painter who painted the barracks both in 1939 and in 1945, shortly after liberation (Van Hoven); the camp’s Amersfoort vegetable supplier (Van Zomeren); the demolisher of the last barracks in the late 1960s (Van Essen); the German Engbrocks, who had been living in the Netherlands for some time before the war, and who was trained as a punishment to become an SS camp guard in Amersfoort in 1941, and was called the “good German” by many prisoners because he tried to help them the employee of the Dutch Red Cross Van Overheem, who, especially in the last year of the war, tried to get as many food parcels into the camp as possible and who was called the ‘white angel of Amersfoort’ by the prisoners (she also played an important role in the camp in the few months it served as a repatriation centre for Dutch people returning from Germany); the camp commander after the liberation (Van Zwol); the director of the Police Training School De Boskamp, whose institute was established on the site in the late 1960s (Steenlaar); some unnamed students and a sports teacher from the police training school on the past of the site in short interviews.


Interviewees: Frans van de Berg, Jan van den Burg, N. van Dam, Willy Engbrocks, R. van Essen, H. Hertzinger, A. van Hoven, Evert Jansen, Martin Jets, Gerrit Kleinveld, Rev. O. Molenaar, mrs. van Overheem, Henk Robeer, Joep Schols, Arie Schut, Jean Slots, M. van Steenlaar, Hans Wolders, S.H.A.M. Zoetmulder, A. van Zomeren, C. van Zwol, some anonymous persons.