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Johannes Blum Collection

 

Number of interviews: > 1100

Number of recordings: > 1200

Kazerne Dossin digitised the interviews and converted them to MP4.

The research files consist of both paper and digital documents, which were merged by Kazerne Dossin into a digital file.

Among those interviewed are Jewish camp survivors, Jewish and non-Jewish resistance fighters, political prisoners, hidden children, hidden adults, hostages, refugees, survivors of the Rwandan genocide, Spanish Civil War volunteers, anti-fascists and children of members of these groups of witnesses. Most of the witnesses lived in Belgium during and post-war.

 

In 1987, Johannes Blum started recording testimonies of Holocaust survivors in Belgium, and from 1993 he made audiovisual recordings. Over the years, he interviewed more than 1,100 people, some of them several times. For each interview, Johannes Blum also compiled a research file, including copies of documents, newspaper clippings, photos of the witness, (scans of) historical photos, written testimonies, publications and obituaries. In 2003, Johannes Blum contacted the Jewish Museum of Deportation and Resistance, the predecessor of Kazerne Dossin. His collection was then transferred to the archives of the JMDR. Kazerne Dossin continues to digitise the recordings and research files.

The last witnesses

 

Number of interviews: 15

Carrier: Betacam and VHS

Transcriptions: available

 

Only the DVDs are available in the Kazerne Dossin reading room.

The whole collection has been preserved by the Cinematek.

Access: Registration, request

 

 

 

 

During the Second World War, millions of people lost their lives in German concentration camps. There were survivors, but they are slowly dying out. Soon there will be no more people who can testify at first hand about the horrors of the camps. Their memories – however horrific – must never disappear.

 

A book has been published and a documentary made

The five-part documentary by Luckas Vander Taelen records the story of fifteen Flemish Holocaust survivors and imprisoned resistance fighters.

Authors: Luckas Vander Taelen, Dirk Verhofstadt, Guy Verhofstadt

Publisher : VBK – Houtekiet (August 25, 2011)
Language : Dutch

ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 9089241981

ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-9089241986

De laatste getuigen is a five-part documentary made in 1991 by Luckas Vander Taelen for VTM. It is a timeless document that has lost nothing of its power even 20 years later. In the series we see how the filmmaker and fourteen Belgian survivors return to the concentration camps where they were held during the Second World War. Seven of them are Jews, the other seven were arrested and deported by the Nazis and their accomplices because of their political convictions and acts of resistance.

Luckas Vander Taelen spoke extensively with these last witnesses of the Nazi horror, first here in Belgium and then during a journey to the camps where they had been imprisoned for months or years during the war. They returned to Dachau, Ravensbrück, Natzweiler, Mauthausen, Buchenwald, Gross-Rosen, Bergen-Belsen, Auschwitz-Birkenau and other places.

 

They testify about their experiences, from the moment they were picked up, their deportation, arrival and life in the camps, and later their liberation and return to Belgium. The result is one of the most striking and penetrating documents about this terrible period in our country’s history.

During the recording, a fifteenth witness was added: Samuel Hejblum, a Jew, was deported to the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp on 5 August 1942. There he worked for a fortnight in a special commando who was in charge of the first gas chambers. His duties included carrying the bodies to the crematoria. Later, he also had to empty the goods wagons that brought the Jews from all over Europe to Auschwitz and sort out their meagre possessions. This is a unique testimony from one of the few survivors of a Sondercommando.

Women’s concentration camp

Working for Philips (in Kamp Vught)

Collection former Stichting Film en Wetenschap

 

Number of persons: 2
Interviewer: Fred de Kok
Number of interviews: 7
Production date: 1982
Type of interview(s): scientific
Carrier: 6 audiotapes + 2 cassettes
Accessibility: limited
Transcription: none

The interviews with Tineke Wibaut (1922-1996, daughter-in-law of the well-known Amsterdam alderman Wibaut) and Ms Wijnalda focus on their experiences in the resistance movement during World War II and their subsequent internment in camp Vught and then in the Ravensbrück women’s concentration camp. They talk about the work they did for Philips in Vught and for the German electronics company Telefunken in Ravensbrück.

 

Interviewee(s): Mrs. V.E. Wibaut-Guilonard (4x), Mrs. Wijnalda (3x)

Subject: Second World War, resistance, camp Vught, Ravensbrück women’s concentration camp

Dutch film industry during World War II

Collection former Stichting Film en Wetenschap

 

Interviewers: Egbert Barten, Jan Pet, Mette Peters, Aad van der Struis

Number of persons: 13

Number of interviews: 19

Type of interview(s): scientific
Production date: 1987-1993

Accessibility: restricted
Transcription: none

 

 

“Were films made during the war?”, people often ask you when you say that you have been researching Dutch film in the Second World War for years. Yes, you name it, it was made in the Netherlands during that time: feature films, documentaries, propaganda films, animated films, advertising films and youth films.

For his research into The Dutch Film Industry during the Second World War, Egbert Barten interviewed the following people:

H.N.J. Beekman, F.P. van den Berg, Joop van Essen, A.C.J. Holla (2x), mw. Hornecker, Frits Kahlenberg, Jan Koelinga (2x), A.W.H. Kommer, R.J. Meijer (3x), E. van Moerkerken, Th.E. van Putten (2x), Gerard Saan, B.P. Wijnberg (2x).

 

The Filmkrant of July/August 2002, no 235, contains an article on this subject.

Philips-commando

Collectie voormalige Stichting Film en Wetenschap

 

Interviewers: : Th. Minderaa, J. Rijken, W. Velema
Aantal interviews: 6

Geluidsdrager: 7 geluidsbanden
Type interview(s): wetenschappelijk
Productiedatum: 1971-73

Toegankelijkheid: b.v. onderzoek
Transcriptie: 4 van de 6 volledige transcriptie

 

 

Dr. E.J.W. Verwey, curator of the RUU, took the initiative to research the Philips commando in the Vught concentration camp after a reunion of people who had been involved. 
Verwey himself had also been in the camp. Via Prof. von der Dunk, student W. Velema was found willing to carry out the research and write a doctoral thesis on the subject.
Braakman, Laman Trip, Peeters and De Wit were interviewed together. At the time, they were involved in the leadership of the Command and thus had to deal with the daily practice of ‘Vught’. A more general discussion is also held with Philips and Rathenau about the Philips group in the period 1940-45. F. Philips, at the time of the interview president of the Board of Directors of NV Philips, was director of the Philips factories in Eindhoven. Rathenau was involved with the Jewish (SOBU) workshop of Philips, among other things. At the time of the interview, he was Professor of Mathematics and Physics at the Municipal University of Amsterdam.

 

Camp of hope and despair

Realisation:

Willy Lindwer, AVA Productions BV

 

Timeframe: 1939-1945

Location: Westerbork

Number interviews: 14

 

DANS: https://doi.org/10.17026/dans-z2v-f6ux

 

Is part of: Thematische collectie: Erfgoed van de Oorlog, Het Willy Lindwer Holocaust Video Archief


The material is not yet available through DANS. However, you can contact Willy Lindwer himself, contact details can be found on his website.

Camp Westerbork in the eastern part of the Netherlands was the last station for more than 100,000 Dutch Jews to be deported to the Nazi death camps. Over 80% of Dutch Jews were deported, the highest percentage in Western Europe. The emotion and tragedy of the story is enhanced by the remarkable photographs and films of Rudolf Breslauer, camp photographer and filmmaker. This is the first documentary film ever made about this Nazi transit camp in the Netherlands, with a large series of interviews with survivors who played an important and prominent role in the camp, such as youth leaders, about the hospital, religious life, entertainment and other elements of life in the camp. Among the interviewees is the non-Jewish Dutchman Adrianus van As, head of the distribution office in Camp Westerbork.

 

Chanoekaviering in een barak in Westerbork, december 1943

The years of reconstruction 1945-1955

Realisation:

 

Location: Nederland

Number of interviews: 7

 

Fragments can be listened to here (audio); full transcripts can be downloaded:

Ervaringsverhalen

 

Full interviews can be listened to at:

 

Interviews conducted as part of the oral history project The years of construction 1945-1955 of the Walter Maas House in 1995. This site contains a selection of interview fragments and the full text of the interviews. The full interviews can be listened to at the Netherlands Music Institute.

 

Destroyed Rotterdam. “Eenig bezit van het Rott. Philharmonisch Orkest: 2 stapeltjes muziek.” Datum: 15/05/1940. NIOD / Beeldbank WO2, foto 64072

 

World War II in music

Realisation:

 

Location: Netherlands

Number of interviews: 8

 

The interviews can be seen here:

Ervaringsverhalen

 

The website The Second World War in Music is about the meaning of music in the Second World Warg in the then Kingdom of the Netherlands. With the support of Erfgoed van de Oorlog of the Dutch Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport, the MusicForce foundation has recorded eight testimonies (six of which were filmed).

 

Witnesses of Theresienstadt

 

Realisation project:

Radboud University Nijmegen, Faculty of Religious Studies

 

Timeframe: 1943-1945, postwar period
Location: Amsterdam, Theresienstadt, Westerbork

Number of interviews: 25

 

Restricted access

 

 

 

With a dozen filmed interviews, this project contributes to the knowledge and image of the Jews deported from the Netherlands and their memories of the German concentration camp Theresienstadt in the present Czech Republic. Theresienstadt was mainly a transit camp for Jews, who were mostly sent to the extermination camps. The interviewees are Jews who were deported from the Netherlands to the camp in 1943 and 1944 and stayed in the camp for short or long periods of time (or even twice) during the last two years of the Second World War. The following questions are central to the interviews: How did the eyewitnesses experience Theresienstadt and which elements played a decisive role in their survival strategies? How did the prisoners cope and what gave them their strength?

 

The approximately 5000 Jews from the Netherlands in Theresienstadt were a very heterogeneous group. About half of them were German-speaking and as Austrian or German emigrants or refugees they had a completely different history than the Jews born in the Netherlands. There were also several groups of privileged Jews (such as the ‘Barneveld group’ and the ‘Mussert Jews’), while other categories (such as the Jews on the ‘Puttkammer list’) had a much less protected status.

 

It is often said about the Dutch group that they were conspicuous in Theresienstadt for their unwillingness to work, their maladjustment and their passive resistance. These characteristics, attributed mainly to Dutch prisoners, were mentioned indirectly in the interviews with survivors, but were not automatically confirmed by the respondents.

 

Groningen during wartime

Timeframe: 1940-1945

Location: Groningen

Number of interviews: 14

 

All videos can be viewed via:

 DANS. https://doi.org/10.17026/dans-25k-9nqm

 

Some of the videos can be seen via:

 

Interviews with 14 witnesses who tell about their experiences during the occupation and liberation of Groningen and its surroundings.