Four Resistance Women. Just Do It and Stand Up Proudly

GETUIGENVERHALEN.NL

 

Realisation project:

Cultuur & Co.

 

Timeframe: 1940-1945
Location: Nederland, Indonesië, Duitsland
Number of interviews: 5

 

Thematic collection: Erfgoed van de Oorlog

DANS:  https://doi.org/10.17026/dans-2ay-725m

 

Interviews can be seen via:

 

Geert van de Molen, Tine Boeke-Kramer, Riete Sterenberg-Gompertz and Rachel van Amerongen. Four women, four resistance fighters. Why did they revolt against the German occupier and what consequences did this have for their lives? These questions are central to the oral history project ‘Four Resistance Women’ (2009), which refines the stereotypical image of women in the resistance.

 

Women were thought to have played a supporting role, often as couriers. This image is not correct for the four women in this project. The choice for the resistance appeared to be strongly politically motivated for the communist Geert van der Molen, who grew up in a reformed bargees’ family, while the nurse Tine Boeke-Kramer became involved in the resistance when she met Jewish refugees. She brought many Jewish children to hiding addresses. Riete Sterenberg-Gompertz forged personal identification cards and Rachel van Amerongen got into the resistance through her marriage to a non-Jewish Surinam resistance fighter. Their activities varied from forging personal identification cards to producing illegal newspapers and helping people in hiding. All interviewed women had been in German concentration camps.

The 5th interview was conducted with a brother of interviewee 4.

 

However different the four women were, art and culture were of great importance in their lives and also during the war. Music gave strength to go on or was an outlet for fears. Others used their artistic talent in their resistance activities.

Dutch SS men

GETUIGENVERHALEN.NL

 

Realisation project:

Seelen, J., Stichting Zuidenwind Filmprodukties (©)

 

Timeframe: from the pre-war to the post-war period
Locatie: Netherlands, Germany, Croatia, Courland, Soviet Union
Number of interviews: 8

 

Thematic collection: Erfgoed van de Oorlog

DANS: https://doi.org/10.17026/dans-2cy-6y73

 

The interviews are not accessible for the time being.

 

ncrv-dokument-zwarte-soldaten

During the Second World War, between 22,000 and 25,000 Dutchmen served in Waffen-SS formations. Despite their relatively large number, they hardly went public after the war, which is why little is known about the wartime experiences of this group that was generally regarded as traitors. Their personal stories have made their way into the history books only sparsely. But this group of Dutch people, who collaborated with the Germans, is also part of the war history and in order to obtain a complete picture of the past, it is important that their stories are not lost either.

 

In this interview project, former Dutch SS members talk about the pre-war period, their origins and their motives for joining the Waffen-SS. They also discuss their wartime experiences. The interviews show how strong the attraction was that National Socialism exerted on some people. They also provide insight into the social consequences of their collaboration.