Film criticism 1923-45

Collection former Stichting Film en Wetenschap

 

Interviewers: Egbert Barten, Jan Pet, Mette Peters, Aad van der Struis

Number of personen: 9

Number of interviews: 12

Type of interview(s): scientific
Production date: 1987-1993

Accessibility: restricted
Transcription: 3 interviews complete, rest none

It examines whether there has been a development in film criticism during the period in question, from a discussion of the form of film-making to a criticism that discusses film on the basis of its content. The discussion includes the influence of the Dutch Film League, the relationship between film criticism and social developments and the Dutch film-critical response to German anti-Semitic films during the Second World War.

 

The interviews with Bertina, Bredschneyder, Van der Ham, Huijts, Kok, Koolhaas, Koster, Lichtveld and Scholte were conducted as part of Barten’s research into Dutch film criticism from 1923-45.
On this subject Barten wrote Schrijven voor de prullenmand? A history of Dutch film criticism (1923-1945), Amsterdam (doctoral dissertation Contemporary History, VU University), 1987

Dutch film industry during World War II

Collection former Stichting Film en Wetenschap

 

Interviewers: Egbert Barten, Jan Pet, Mette Peters, Aad van der Struis

Number of persons: 13

Number of interviews: 19

Type of interview(s): scientific
Production date: 1987-1993

Accessibility: restricted
Transcription: none

 

 

“Were films made during the war?”, people often ask you when you say that you have been researching Dutch film in the Second World War for years. Yes, you name it, it was made in the Netherlands during that time: feature films, documentaries, propaganda films, animated films, advertising films and youth films.

For his research into The Dutch Film Industry during the Second World War, Egbert Barten interviewed the following people:

H.N.J. Beekman, F.P. van den Berg, Joop van Essen, A.C.J. Holla (2x), mw. Hornecker, Frits Kahlenberg, Jan Koelinga (2x), A.W.H. Kommer, R.J. Meijer (3x), E. van Moerkerken, Th.E. van Putten (2x), Gerard Saan, B.P. Wijnberg (2x).

 

The Filmkrant of July/August 2002, no 235, contains an article on this subject.

CPN-film

Collection former Stichting Film en Wetenschap

 

Interviewers: : Peter Mol, Anneke van Renssen
Number of interviews: 9

Sound carrier: 10 cassette tapes
Type of interview(s): scientific
Production date: 1991-92

Accessibility: for research purposes
Transcription: partial 

 

The interviewees talk about their involvement in the production of films commissioned by the CPN and in the making of the
television broadcasts of this party since 1965, within the framework of the Zendtijd voor Politieke Partijen (Broadcasting time for political parties, ZPP). The interviews were included in: Bert Hogenkamp and Peter Mol, Van beeld tot beeld. The films and television broadcasts of the CPN, 1928-1986, Amsterdam: Stichting Film en Wetenschap, 1993. The material was also used in Peter Mol, Het mes moest aan twee kanten snijden. Hoe de Communistische Partij van
Nederland used the broadcast time for political parties, 1965-1978, Amsterdam (doctoral thesis New and Newest History, University of Amsterdam), 1995.

Television journalism

Collection former Stichting Film en Wetenschap

 

Interviewers: Mirjam Prenger
Number of interviews: 16

Number of persons: 13
Sound carrier: 9 sound tapes
Type of interview(s): scientific
Production date: 1990

Accessibility: restricted
Transcription: 1 interview summary 

 

The interviewees are or have been all connected to the VARA current affairs programme ACHTER HET NIEUWS. The interviews were made as part of Prengers’ PhD research into the development of journalistic conventions within current affairs programmes on television in the 1960s, particularly VARA’s ACHTER HET NIEUWS and KRO’s BRANDPUNT.
On this theme she earlier wrote ‘Van familiemagazine naar actualiteitenrubriek. KRO’s BRANDPUNT in March 1963’, in: Jaarboek Mediageschiedenis 2, Amsterdam: Stichting Mediageschiedenis, 1990, p.157-186 and ‘Rode balletjes’ en cinéma vérité. De VARA, de PvdA en de nieuws- en actualiteitenprogramma’s in de jaren vijftig en 1960′, in: Henk Kleijer e.a. (ed.), Tekens en Teksten. Cultuur, communicatie en maatschappelijke veranderingen vanaf de late middeleeuwen’, Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 1992, p.158-173.

Artists’ resistance

Collection former Stichting Film en Wetenschap

 

Interviewers: J.W. Mulder
Number of interviews: 16

Number of persons: 15
Sound carrier: 14 sound tapes and 1 cassette tape
Type of interview(s): scientific
Production date: 1973-74, 1976-85

Accessibility: for research purposes
Transcription: partly complete

 

Kunst in crisis en bezetting. Een onderzoek naar de houding van Nederlandse kunstenaars in de periode 1930-1945 (met een voorwoord van prof.dr. H.L.C. Jaffé), Utrecht/Antwerpen: Het Spectrum, 1978.

Most of the interviews were conducted by Hans Mulder (Theaterwetenschappen, Utrecht) for his dissertation on artists’ resistance during the Second World War: Kunst in crisis en bezetting. Een onderzoek naar de houding van Nederlandse kunstenaars in de periode 1930-1945 (Art in crisis and occupation. An investigation into the attitude of Dutch artists in the period 1930-1945 (with a preface by prof.dr. H.L.C. Jaffé), Utrecht/Antwerp: Het Spectrum, 1978.

 

The author used the interview with Marten Toonder in his publication Een groote boot een plompe voet. The Netherlands and the Nazis in cartoon and caricature 1933-1945 (with a foreword by Marten Toonder), Amsterdam/Brussels: Thomas Rap, 1985.
The interviews discuss the social and political position of artists before the war, especially since 1933; the situation during the war, with an emphasis on the way the interviewees dealt with the resistance; the influence of the war and resistance experiences on their own thinking and professional practice and on art in general after 1945.

 

Several interviewees were involved in the preparations, which started during the war, for a new constellation in which the arts would have to function after the war, which resulted in the establishment of the Federation of Artists’ Associations and the Arts Council. Many were involved before the war in anti-fascist groups such as the Comité van Waakzaamheid and the Bond van Kunstenaars ter Defensie van de Kultuur (BKVK), which in 1936 organised the exhibition De Olympiade Onder Dictatuur (D.O.O.D.), among others.

 

In the interview with Bijmoer, the emphasis is less on the war period. Before the war, Bijmoer did guided tours in the Stedelijk Museum, and during the war he was a draughtsman and designer. Immediately after the war, he drew for the newspaper Het Parool and was a set and costume designer for many plays, revues and television series. The last ten years before his retirement, he did that exclusively for television (NOS).

 

Transcripts are present only of conversations that were held in 1973-74, namely those with Boers (1905-1978), painter; Braat (1908-1982), sculptor, poet and writer; Defresne-Ruys, wife of the actor Defresne (1893-1961), herself a bacteriologist; Groenier (1905-1977), actor and former director of the Arnhem School of Drama; De Leeuwe (1898-1982), actress; Romein-Verschoor (1895-1978), historian and writer; Poons (1896-1985), actor; Sandberg (1897-1984), former director of the Stedelijk Museum; 1st interview Sterneberg (1901-1987), actor; Tiemeijer (b. 1908), actor.

Dit is een uitgave uit 1945 van De Groene Amsterdammer met prenten die vooral tijdens het laatste jaar van de Duitse bezetting van Nederland zijn gemaakt door kunstenaar en filmcriticus L.J. Jordaan.
 

Workers’ Youth Central (AJC)

Collection former Stichting Film en Wetenschap

 

Interviewers: Fred de Kok, Peter Mol
Number of interviews: 16

Number of persons: 12
Sound carrier: 8 sound tapes and 17 cassette tapes
Type of interview(s): scientific
Production date: 1981-1984 en 1991

Accessibility: for research purposes
Transcription: none

The interviewees are all former AJC members. The interviews were held on behalf of De Kok’s research into the history of the Dutch Workers’ Youth Central, in cooperation with the Stichting Onderzoek AJC.
Among those interviewed are a number of people who are known in other contexts: the historian Frits de Jong Edz. (1919-1989), the photographer Aart Klein (born 1909), the secretary of the Stichting Onderzoek AJC Ad van Moock and the political scientist/demographer Philip van Praag sr. (born 1914). The Dutchman Meilof was one of the editors of the book De AJC… dat waren wij. Herinneringen van oud-leden, Haarlem:
Stichting Onderzoek AJC, 1985. The interviews with Klein are only partly about his experiences in the AJC; they mainly deal with his life as a photographer between about 1930 and 1970.
De Kok and Peter Mol conducted the interview with Van der Kramer in January 1991. Besides his experiences in the AJC, the interview focused on the (8mm) amateur film he made for the AJC in 1937, which featured the May 1 celebrations in Zaandam and the SDAP election campaign that year.

 

Women and trade union

Collection former Stichting Film en Wetenschap

 

Interviewers: Corrie van Eyl, Marian van der Klein
Number of interviews: 20
Sound carrier: 25 cassettes
Type of interview(s): scientific
Production date: 1994-96

Toegankelijkheid: t.b.v. onderzoek
Transcription: none

The interviews were held in the context of the research Women and labour in Dutch trade union history (working title), which Van Eijl is conducting for the IISH and which is to lead to a publication. The research covers the period from the 1950s onwards.
The women interviewed talk about (their experiences with) women’s work in the FNV (and/or its predecessors) from a position that they hold or have held within the federation. This may concern the Women’s Union or the Women’s Secretariat of the FNV, or one of the trade unions. The interview with Jenny Zwanepol was not conducted by Corrie van Eijl, but by Marian van der Klein.
Van Eijl previously wrote her dissertation on women and labour until 1940: Het werkzame verschil. Vrouwen in de slag om arbeid, 1898-1940, Hilversum: Verloren, 1994.

 

Socialist upbringing

Collection former Stichting Film en Wetenschap

 

Interviewer: : José van Dijk
Number of interviews: 8

Sound carrier: 9 cassette tapes
Type of interview(s): scientific
Production date: 1980

Accessibility: for research purposes
Transcription: none

The interviews were conducted as part of an oral history project on socialist home education at the Institute for Pedagogical and Andragogical Sciences of the University of Utrecht. The results of the project are presented in Socialistische thuisopvoeding in Nederland in de jaren 1918-1940. Een projekt orale geschiedenis / door José van Dijk, Gerda Houtman, Jacqueline van Lemmen, Utrecht, 1980.

 

The interviewees, all from a “red nest,” talk about daily life in their youth and particularly about their home situation and upbringing.

SDAP 1940-46

Collection former Stichting Film en Wetenschap

 

Interviewer: Paul Denekamp
Number of interviews: 23
Sound carrier: 2 sound tapes + 23 cassette tapes

Type of interview(s): scientific
Production date: 1988-96

Toegankelijkheid: restricted
Transcriptie: none

The interviewees are former SDAP members who talk about Dutch social democracy during the German occupation and the transition from the SDAP to the PvdA in 1946. Some also talk about their own political development, such as Klinkenberg from his membership in the NJN (Dutch Youth League for Nature Studies), via the SDAP to the radical left since the Indonesia issue in 1947 and the position of the PvdA in this matter.
Denekamp conducted the interviews for his planned dissertation (UvA) on this subject. Earlier he wrote “Van SDAP naar PvdA. How big was the loss?”, Amsterdam
(doctoral thesis in political science, UvA), 1982.

 

 

Designer: Albert Hahn jr., 1919

Youth policy

Collection former Stichting Film en Wetenschap

 

Interviewer: : Rutger Bremer
Number of interviews: 14
Sound carrier: 6 sound tapes
Type of interview(s): scientific
Production date: 1984-86

Accessibility: limited, for research purposes
Transcription: none

The interviews were held for R.J.B. Bremer’s dissertation Jeugd in opspraak. Jeugdbeleid in sociologisch retrospectief, Enschede (Quick Service Drukkerijen) 1986.

The interviews were held for Rutger Bremer’s dissertation Jeugd in opspraak. Jeugdbeleid in sociologisch retrospectief.

The focus of the interviews is on the years 1945-55 and 1965-80. The concept of mass youth is central. The interviewees are or were administrators, scientists or policy makers in the field concerned.

The biographical data of most of them are included in a separate list in the thesis.

 

About the interview series, Marijke Res wrote the article ‘Fear of Jailbait Street.
Oral History collection gives picture of post-war youth policy’, in: GBG-Nieuws 20 (spring 1992), pp.23-27.