Schiedam children on the go

GETUIGENVERHALEN.NL

 

Realisation project:

Gemeentearchief Schiedam

 

Timeframe: 1940-1946
Location: Schiedam, Nederland
Number of interviews: 10

 

Thematic collection: Erfgoed van de Oorlog

DANS: https://doi.org/10.17026/dans-zf3-7xry

 

Interviews can be seen via:

 

During the Second World War, children were sent to foster homes in other parts of the Netherlands to escape bombardments and starvation. Little was known about the Schiedam children’s broadcasts. In this oral history project, people were interviewed who had been sent as children from Schiedam to other parts of the Netherlands during the war in order to recuperate.

At the beginning of the war, the deployments were organised by the primary schools with the cooperation of the school doctors. During the Hunger Winter in January 1945, the local Interchurch Bureau (IKB) sent out more than 600 children. They were placed with host families in the province for a short or longer period of time where they could leave the war behind for a while. Especially during the Hunger Winter, many children suffered from malnutrition and illness. Not all of those selected for this project were sent as children via the IKB or the National Committee for Children’s Missions (Schiedam). In the winter of 1944/45 many children were also sent out on the initiative of their parents.

 

This project mainly tried to find out what role religion played in the children’s deportation, especially in those cases where the religion of the host family was not the same as the religion of the foster child. However, unambiguous conclusions on the role of religion cannot be drawn on the basis of the interviews. The IKB considered it important that the relationship between the religions of the Schiedam population was the same as that of the transports. The interviews (2009), however, show that the interviewees had the impression that religion did not matter during the deployments.

Schiedam “pale-faces”

GETUIGENVERHALEN.NL

 

Realisation project:

Gemeentearchief Schiedam

 

Timeframe: 1940-1948
Location: Schiedam; Zuid-Holland; Nederland; Zwitserland; Groot Brittannië; Denemarken; Frankrijk
Number of interviews: 10

 

Thematic collection: Erfgoed van de Oorlog

DANS: https://doi.org/10.17026/dans-xzg-su4c

 

Interviews can be seen via:

 

Shortly after the Second World War, children were sent to another part of the country or abroad to recuperate. Not much is known about the children who were sent from Schiedam to other places between 1945-1947. In this project (2009), ten people were interviewed who had been sent to recuperate as ‘pale-faces’ in the Netherlands or abroad at the time.

 

The Schiedam children who were sent abroad shortly after the war ended up in England, Belgium, France, Switzerland, Denmark or Sweden. They spent two to eight weeks in a children’s camp before being placed with a foster family. In the camps, the children were in quarantine so that no child with a contagious disease ended up in a foster family. During their stay in the camp, the children were kept busy with games and trips were made. They were also taught the basics of the host country’s language. The interviews show, among other things, that the children initially suffered from homesickness, but that at the end of their stay abroad they often did not want to return home.

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