Everything was locked

Interviews with five women who, as young girls, ended up against their will in sewing workshops and laundries of the convent community De Goede Herder. For years they worked without pay under miserable conditions.


Interviewer: Dineke Stam

Interview summaries: dwangarbeid


Number of interviews: 5



Forced labour for Goede Herder girls

Until now, little was known about the nature and extent of the forced labour, which an estimated 15,000 girls were forced to perform during their confinement in establishments of the Roman Catholic Congregation of the Good Shepherd in Zoeterwoude, Velp, Tilburg and Almelo. For the Oral History project A spoken Monument: Child Forced Labour Girls Good Shepherd, five of them were interviewed by historian Dineke Stam and documentary filmmaker Jet Homoet.


Everything was locked up

On 24 January 2020, the film interviews Alles ging op slot (Everything went on lock) were launched. The long interviews (3 to 4 hours) will be recorded at Atria for permanent access for digital research data (DANS) and made available as of 1 March 2020.

These film interviews fill a harrowing gap in the Dutch history of forced child labour within the walls of Roman Catholic ‘youth care’.

Beyond the textile

Number of interviews: 64

Transcripts: yes

Accessibility: unknown


De textiel voorbij : Het wel en wee van Tilburgse oud-textielarbeiders in de jaren 1980-1990
Lou Keune, 1991


De ondergang van de Tilburgse textielindustrie, 1945-1980
Lou Keune, Tom Korremans en Ad de Rooij

Onderdeel van: Mondelinge geschiedenis : over theorie en praktijk van het gebruik van mondelinge bronnen
Red.: Manuela du Bois-Reymond en Ton Wagemakers

pagina 101-114



In the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s, Lou Keune and colleagues interviewed dozens of textile workers, women and men. These interviews were used for several publications about the history of the downfall of the Tilburg textile industry, and its consequences for ordinary people. The interviews also contain many stories about ordinary life.

A number of the interviews are retold and available via the website

Geheugen van Tilburg.


The entire collection of interviews from Lou Keune’s archive is not yet available (Textielmuseum Tilburg).


Fotonummer: 011264, Tilburg, Gasthuisring, Nederlands Textielmuseum