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Drug Use

Stichting Film en Wetenschap / René Swetter
 
Number of interviews: 6
Accessibility: Restricted
Transcripts: Yes
Period of interviews: 1971
Remarks:

The collection has not yet been digitized and therefore cannot be viewed directly at Sound & Vision. Digitization can, however, be requested from Sound & Vision via: zakelijk@beeldengeluid.nl

Medium: 7 Cassette tapes

 

 

 

The interviews were conducted on behalf of and incorporated into the film Drugs, stuff for thought (René Swetter, SFW 1972). Five interviews concern users of soft drugs and (former) addicts of hard drugs. The experiences of the individuals range from twice ever smoking a stickie to twelve years of opium addiction. One interview concerns the wife of a (former) opium addict.

 

Drugs, stuff for thought was made on the initiative of Amsterdam psychiatrist Peter Geerlings. Faced with a great demand for information on drugs, Geerlings felt the need to add a film to the drug information package circulating in our country (such as a program by the Kritische Filmers from Breda, broadcasts by various broadcasters and school television and a series of publications). Geerlings particularly encountered a lack of information among people who deal with young people on a daily basis at schools, social academies, and training and youth centers. The film: Drugs, stuff for thought, is primarily intended for them. However, the makers of the film will also explore whether the viewing audience can be extended to young people themselves-“The problem with that, however,” says director René Swetter, “is that there are quite a few people who fear that young people will interpret this information about drugs as advertising.” A fear that seems unfounded. When you watch and listen to the seven young people who talk about their experience with drugs in the film You don’t undergo a reaction of, hey, I need to so badly too. There is only one boy in the entire film (Jaap, 32, publisher and unmarried says the commentary) who is able to integrate smoking hashish well into his function in social life. The other interviewees smoke. as a reaction to their environment and none of them seem really happy about it. The film therefore creates a somewhat distorted picture of drug use in the Netherlands. After all, Leuw has once again confirmed this with his research among schoolchildren: most users stick to some Incidental experimentation with cannabis.

 

The discussion film (short version) which focuses on breaking taboos around drug use can be found here: link naar archief

Re-education of juvenile political offenders in children’s homes 1944-1951

Stichting Film en Wetenschap | Project Cogis
 
Time period: 1944-1951
Number of interviews: 10
Accessibility: for research purposes
Transcripts: summary
Period of interviews: 2009
Remarks:

Can be found in DANS

GETUIGENVERHALEN.NL

Audio can be listened to via:

 

 

After the war, some 20,000 children of political offenders, mostly NSB members, ended up in children’s homes. Their parents could no longer care for them because they had been interned under the special postwar justice system. Among the children were also Youthful Political Delinquents (JPDs). In this interview project, former JPDs look back on their time in the children’s homes.

 

A JPD member could be a young person who himself had been active in the NSB youth movement, the Hitlerjugend or who had been deployed in Germany or on the Eastern Front. They could also be children as young as 13 whose parents belonged to the “more serious cases” of collaboration. For example, their parents had played an active role in the NSB or a German organization, had been active in Youth Storm or Hitlerjugend, or had been deployed in Germany or on the Eastern Front.

 

Social re-education after the war took place in special homes or camps run by Bureau Bijzondere Jeugdzorg. This agency was charged with the care and custody of children whose parents had been interned. JPD members were also entrusted to their care. In the eyes of the caregivers, this group in particular constituted a point of concern. It was felt that the elderly among them might be politically infected and could grow up to become “extremist discontented and disillusioned. Re-education into full-fledged Dutchmen was deemed necessary; only by teaching the JPD member to understand what democracy and patriotism meant could these children once again become full members of the community.

 

The phenomenon of political re-education was part of dealing with the “wrong elements” in postwar society. It was an outgrowth of the then dominant right-wrong thinking. The objective of this interview project is to investigate whether, in the experience of those involved, re-education occurred during their stay in the children’s homes, and if so, in what form and with what consequences.

 

An oral history of design

Vlaams Architectuurinstituut
 
Time period: 1916-2014
Number of interviews: 7 (8 people)
Accessibility: via application form
Transcripts: short summary
Period of interviews: 18 June 2014 - 19 January 2015
 

The cultural heritage of design does not consist only of sketches, models, photographs or correspondence of designers. With design, there is also a strong interaction between explicit knowledge and tacit knowledge, knowledge that may be passed on but which usually does not receive written expression. That is why the Flemish Architecture Institute conducted interviews with designers, policy makers and craftspeople. As a result, the interviews do not all cover the same topics and time periods. A mix of young and old and of profession was chosen; furniture maker, artist, design connoisseur and director of Design Flanders all have their say.

 

The following people were interviewed:

  • Leonce Dekeijser (1924-2015), interior architect, he explains that in his college days, “interior design” did not actually exist. He took courses with architects and decorative arts and eventually earned a degree in furniture art. He discusses the teaching methods, the subjects and his teachers. He talks about the interaction between design and education

  • José Vanderlinden (1920-?), furniture maker, the emphasis in the conversation with José Vanderlinden is, much more than in the conversation with Leonce Dekeijser, on the technical aspects of furniture making.

  • Luc (1953-now) and Katrien Mestdagh (1980-now), stained glass artists, the conversation includes the neo-Gothic tradition in Ghent in terms of stained glass painting, and how it lives on to this day in atelier Mestdagh. They discuss the need for commissioning.
  • Achiel Pauwels (1932-now), ceramist, he talks about how he learned the craft, how the teachers did not always give away the secrets of the craft just like that, and what the relationship was with the other art craft courses and the sculpture course. The conversation also explores the emphases he placed in his own classes and the importance he attached to drawing in doing so.
  • Moniek Bucquoye (1948-2022), connoisseur and promoter of design, the talk provides an insight into how product development education was shaped in Flanders from a historical perspective. She highlights the difference between product development and industrial design.
  • Lieven Daenens (1948-now), former director of the Design museum Ghent. Daenens discusses the evolution of the museum, its change of name and position with the advent of the museum decree in the 1990s. He discusses the quality of Belgian design culture and education in Belgium.
  • Johan Valcke (1952-now), director of Design Flanders, the conversation with Valcke gives an insight into how art crafts and design were viewed in Belgium and Flanders from an economic point of view and a historical perspective.

 

The four interviewers were art historians and artists: Katarina Serulu, Marieke Pauwels, Eva Van Regenmortel and Aletta Rambaut

Johannes Steggerda en Wiero Beek, professors and vocation

Historisch Geluidsarchief RUU
 
Time period: 1947-1969
Number of interviews: 2 (2 people)
Accessibility: for research purposes
Transcripts: none
Period of interviews: 7 May en 18 June 1969
Remarks:

Type interview: journalism

The collection has not yet been digitized and therefore cannot be viewed directly at Sound & Vision. Digitization can, however, be requested from Sound & Vision via: zakelijk@beeldengeluid.nl

 

In DAAN, the digital archive of Beeld & Geluid the following item can be found: Wat is mijn kennis waard? (1969) by Warner Borregaard, the interviews were used for this film.

Medium: audio tapes
 

R.L. Schuursma interviewed two professors in 1969 about their choice of study, career and natural sciences.

The following were interviewed:

  • Prof. dr. ir. Johannes Joseph (Jan) Steggerda (1929-2021), between 1962 and 1994 professor of general and inorganic chemistry at Radboud University Nijmegen. Jan Steggerda was born on January 29, 1929 in The Hague, where he attended the HBS-B of St. Janscollege. After graduating from HBS, he went to study chemistry at the Technical College in Delft in 1947. He obtained his diploma as a chemical engineer in early 1953 and then started working under the leadership of Prof. J.H. de Boer for his PhD research. He received his doctorate on December 7, 1955 with honors for the thesis ‘The formation of active aluminum oxide’.
  • Prof. dr. ir. Wiero Jan Beek (1932-2016), between 1963 and 1970 professor of physical technology at Delft University of Technology. In 1950 he went to the Technical College (now the Technical University) in Delft. Here he studied physical technology under rof. Hans Kramers. In 1962, Beek received his doctorate cum laude for his thesis ‘Mass transfer through moving interfaces’. It is the only cum laude ever presented by Kramers.

 

For more information on the interviews and the interviewed, see: SFW-werkuitgave no. 8 (1995), p. 3, 41.

Interviews with former employees of the Zuiderzee Museum

Zuiderzeecollectie
 
Time period: the second half of the 20th century
Number of interviews: 10 (10 people)
Accessibility: 8 fully accessible
Transcripts: partially
Period of interviews: 2022
Medium: audio files
 

To celebrate the seventy-fifth anniversary of the Zuiderzee Museum in Enkhuizen, the Netherlands, in 2023. This was accompanied by a special exhibition, which was celebrated both by employees as well as former employees and volunteers. A start was made the year before to speak with former employees. Femke van Drongelen had tracked down several people who had helped build the outdoor museum, and ten former employees were also interviewed. Here you may find a video about the importance of these former employees.

 

Their stories illuminated the history of the museum and the history of Enkhuizen. All kinds of beautiful stories emerged as a result. These were incorporated into the exhibit.

 

The following people were interviewed:

  • Bert Kruissink
  • Erik Walsmit
  • Pieter Jutte
  • Siemen de Boer
  • Johan Jesterhout
  • Victor Kersten
  • Thedo Fruithof
  • Ferry Walberg
  • Sjaak Dangermond
  • Sjaak Tromp

The liberation of Roosendaal

West-Brabants Archief
 
Time period: 1944-1945
Number of interviews: 9 (8 people)
Accessibility: in the archives
Transcripts: yes
Period of interviews: March-April 1994
Remarks:

These interviews can be found under AC009 within the collection roo – 0260 Geluidsopnamen Roosendaal, 1936-heden.

Besides cassettes there are also exist MP3 and WAV files

Medium: 9 cassette tapes

Title: De bevrijding van West-Brabant, september 1944-mei 1945: een streek en haar bewoners temidden van verwoesting en oorlogsgeweld

Author: Piet Hoedelmans, Adriënne Wagenaar en Ineke de Wolff

Publisher: Het Verboden Rijk, Roosendaal, 1994

ISBN: 9075039026

Ïn 1994 Ineke de Wolff interviewed eight Roosendaalers for her book De Bevrijding van West-Brabant.

The eight people from Roosendaal relate their experiences of the last two years of the war.

 

The liberation of Roosendaal took place on October 30, 1944, by the 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division, the Polar Bears. The advance of the Allies near Roosendaal did not go very smoothly. There was heavy fighting around the hamlets of Vinkenbroek and Boeiink. The Germans were trying to gain time to take up new positions. They fell back en masse behind the rivers Mark and Dintel.

Karel Nort and Radio Herrijzend Nederland

Historisch Geluidsarchief RUU
 
Time period: 1938-1946
Number of interviews: 1 (1 person)
Accessibility: for research purposes
Transcripts: summary
Period of interviews: 5 June 1965
Remarks:

Type interview: scientific

The collection has not yet been digitized and therefore cannot be viewed directly at Beeld & Geluid. Digitization can, however, be requested from Beeld & Geluid via: zakelijk@beeldengeluid.nl

 

In DAAN, the digital archive of Beeld & Geluid the following items can be found: various items of Radio Herrijzend Nederland

As well as a documentary on this topic under the title “Herrijzend Nederland” 18-09-1969 TROS

Medium: 2 audio tapes
 

R.L. Schuursma interviewed Karel Nort (1913-1981), who as chief broadcaster reported the news of the German Capitulation via Radio Herrijzend Nederland on May 4, 1945. The interview covered Nort’s role in the resistance, his work at the AVRO and his role as chief announcer at Radio Herrijzend Nederland.

 

Nort joined the AVRO in 1938 as a sports reporter. After the disappearance of many radio stations, he worked for the nazified (Gleichschaltung) Nederlandsche Omroep until early 1943. When this work became too much for him, he left for Maastricht, where he went to work in the station restaurant. There he became involved in the resistance and was involved in arms smuggling. Then, after the liberation of Eindhoven in 1944, he crossed over at Biesbosch and became a contributor to Radio Herrijzend Nederland. With a makeshift reporter’s truck, he toured the liberated part of the Netherlands. Nort gives an account of this occupation here.

 

When on Saturday, May 5, 1945, the surrender of the Germans became known throughout the Netherlands, the employees of Radio Herrijzend Nederland were still wondering what would happen to the station after liberation. In the first place, the head of the Military Authority decided that Radio Herrijzend Nederland would be taken off the air immediately after liberation. This would eventually happen only in 1946.

 

For more information about the interview and the interviewee, see: SFW work issue no. 8 (1995), p.34

 

 

 

 

The spy organization “the Swiss way”

Historisch Geluidsarchief RUU
 
Time period: 1942-1945
Number of interviews: 2 (1 person)
Accessibility: for research purposes
Transcripts: partial
Period of interviews: 12 and 26 February 1969
Remarks:

Type interview: scientific

The collection has not yet been digitized and therefore cannot be viewed directly at Beeld & Geluid. Digitization can, however, be requested from Beeld & Geluid via: zakelijk@beeldengeluid.nl

Medium: 4 audio tapes

Title: Agent van de Zwitserse weg: het levensverhaal van Jan van Borssum Buisman

Author: Marc Couwenberg
Publisher: Walburg Pers, Zutphen, 2000

ISBN: 9789057301254

The seventy-year-old Gerard Slotemaker de Bruine spoke with interviewers Th. Minderaa, J. Rijken, R.L. Schuursma and Sj. Vellenga about his resistance work during World War II.

 

Slotemaker de Bruine was the son of CHU minister Jan Rudolph Slotemaker de Bruine and Cornelia de Jong. He was very active in the resistance, especially within the spy group “the Swiss Road. The Swiss Road was a common smuggling route during World War II from 1942 to June 1944, part of the Dutch-Paris underground network. Prime Minister Gerbrandy urged Reverend Visser ‘t Hooft to set up an intelligence service to enable contact between occupied Holland and the government in London. Visser ‘t Hooft met Hebe Charlotte Kohlbrugge just at that time, and so the new route was established. The route went via trustworthy persons and addresses from Holland, including Slotemaker de Bruine, to Geneva. Often couriers brought messages to Switzerland via this route that were destined for the government in London. These messages were microfilmed in the Netherlands and often hidden in clothing.

 

After the war, Slotemaker de Bruine became the director of the scientific bureau of the PvdA. Later he broke away from the PvdA because of the Indonesian issue. Throughout his life he maintained close ties with leading theologians and held many societally relevant functions. Between 1963 and 1967, De Bruine served in the House of Representatives on behalf of the Pacifist Socialist Party.

Jan Teunissen, the Dutch film industry and Nazism

Historisch Geluidsarchief RUU
 
Time period: 1939-1945
Number of interviews: 3 (1 person)
Accessibility: for research purposes
Transcripts: summary; complete of one interview
Period of interviews: 13 and 27 November 1964 and 8 January 1965
Remarks:

Type interview: scientific

These interviews can be found in DAAN, the digital archive of Beeld & Geluid: Drie interviews met G.J. Teunissen (Leider Filmgilde 1941-1945) 11-11-1964

Medium: 4 audio tapes
 

Historian R.L. Schuursma interviewed filmmaker Gerardus Johannes (Jan) Teunissen (1898-1975) in 1964 and 1965. Teunissen was a National Socialist filmmaker in the Netherlands. In 1933 he made his first feature film, Willem van Oranje. This was the Netherlands’ first sound film. The interviews therefore provide information about Dutch film history and the role of National Socialism and collaboration during World War II.

 

On August 27, 1940, Teunissen joined Anton Mussert’s National Socialist Movement (NSB). Soon he became head of the NSB’s Film Service. His star rose quickly and it was not long before he was the most powerful man in the Dutch film world during World War II. Between 1941 and 1945 he was leader of the Film Gilde, a part of the Nederlandsche Kultuurkamer. This was a German institution to which all artists, architects, writers, etc. had to be affiliated in order to work. As chairman of the Rijksfilmkeuring, Teunissen was the personification of collaboration within the Dutch film industry.

 

After the Allied victory, Teunissen was imprisoned from November 5, 1945 to May 10, 1948. He was subsequently banned from working in the Dutch film industry for ten years.

 

An article about Teunissen and the first Dutch sound film

Ernst Voorhoeve, art, propaganda, Verdinaso and the NSB

Historisch Geluidsarchief RUU
 
Time period: 1931-1943
Number of interviews: 1 (1 person)
Accessibility: for research purposes
Transcripts: complete
Period of interviews: 25 April 1966
Remarks:

Type interview: scientific

The interview can be found in DAAN, the digital archive of Beeld & Geluid with the search terms “Ernst Voorhoeve”

E. (Ernst) Voorhoeve (1900-1966) over Verdinaso en NSB 25-04-1966

Medium: 2 audio tapes
 

Shortly before his death, Ernst Voorhoeve (1900-1966) spoke with interviewers R.L. Schuursma and SJ. Vellenga. He was a Dutch sculptor and painter. During World War II he was, among other things, propaganda director of the National Socialist Movement (NSB) and the Department of Public Information and the Arts. In this 2.5 hour interview, Voorhoeve speaks about National Socialism and the Confederation of Dietsche Nationaal Solidaristen (Verdinaso).

 

In the early 1920s, Voorhoeve converted to Catholicism. He initially made paintings, drawings, woodcuts and book illustrations, but developed into a sculptor after his conversion. He made (religious) sculptures and crucifixes in wood and bronze, which have a primitive character.

 

In 1932 Voorhoeve joined Verdinaso out of interest. After attending a speech given by Joris van Severen in 1934, he became active within the movement as a national organization leader. In 1938 the Dutch branch became independent and came under his leadership, but two years later Verdinaso-Netherlands merged into the National Socialist Movement (NSB) under pressure from the occupying forces. Voorhoeve became propaganda director of the NSB and, in 1942, of the National Socialist Department of Public Information and the Arts (DVK). Although he even fought on the Eastern Front for some time, Voorhoeve was not in favor of annexation by the Germans. He lost their approval and had to resign as propaganda leader of the NSB and the DPRK in 1943.

The Special Court in Arnhem sentenced Voorhoeve to 11 years in prison in March 1949.

 

For more information about the interview and the interviewee, see: SFW work issue no. 8 (1995), p.49.