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Jacques Presser

Collectie voormalig Stichting Film en Wetenschap
 
Time period: 1899-1970
Number of interviews: 126
Accessibility: Restricted
Transcripts: Summary
Period of interviews: 1984 - 1987
Remarks:

The collection has not yet been digitized and therefore cannot be viewed directly at Sound & Vision. Digitization can, however, be requested from Sound & Vision via: zakelijk@beeldengeluid.nl

 

The following can be found in DAAN, the digital archive of Sound & Vision: Een Uur Ischa 01-11-1988 VPRO. An interview with Nanda van der Zee, who conducted these interviews.

Medium: 148 cassettebanden

The interviews were conducted for Van der Zee’s biography of Presser (1899-1970):
Jacques Presser: The Right of Doubt. A biography, Amsterdam: Balans, 1988.

 

Those interviewed (some of them in Jerusalem) are relatives, former pupils, former students, colleagues and other relations of the historian and writer Jacques Presser, who became known for his book Ondergang: de ververvolging en verdelging van het Nederlandse Jodendom 1940-1945 (The Hague: Staatsuitgeverij, 1965). In 1950, the Dutch state commissioned Presser to conduct a study of the fate of the Jews during World War II. For this, Presser spent fifteen years in the NIOD archives. The published book subsequently became a bestseller. Presser is also the creator of the term ego document and is considered one of the great Dutch historians of the modern era.

 

The interviewees talk about Presser’s childhood, background and family ties; student days; teaching at the Vossius Gymnasium and the Jewish Lyceum in Amsterdam; his marriage to Dé Appel; the war years, including the suicide attempt in May 1940, Dé’s deportation and going into hiding; his Jewish identity; second marriage to Bep Hartog; political views; the appointment issue surrounding his appointment as professor of New History at the Political Social Faculty at the University of Amsterdam, founded in 1947; his publications, including his well-known, two-volume Ondergang. The Persecution and Extermination of Dutch Jewry, 1940-1945.

 

Interviewees:

Lie Alma, R. van Amerongen, Josje Appel, Jaap Arnon (alias Jaap van Amerongen), J.Z. Baruch, H. Baudet, Judith Belinfante, dr. Sig. Berreclouw, J.A.H. van Beusekom, E. Biegel-Roozendaal, P.B.M. Blaas, Salvador Bloemgarten, dr. H. Boaz, Els Bonger, prof. J.C. Boogman, Sal Breemer, Philo Bregstein, L. Brester-Flothuis, prof. dr. I.J. Brugmans, dr. W.J. Bruijn, A. Bueno de Mesquita, dr. Fenna van den Burg, dr. Frans Bijlsma, M.G. Bijlsma-Burgers, C.W. Damme[r]-Hamerpracht, Lea Dasberg, Lex van Delden, prof. dr. Sem Dresden, prof. dr. H.W. von der Dunk, Jel van Eck, H.J. van Eck, Marius Flothuis, Ruth Foppema-Wolf, dr. W.J. Formsma, Barend Frankfort, J.G. Frankfort, Chellie Frankfort-Presser, Tine Gewin-Bijlsma, J.J. Giele, Eva M. Gomperts-van Schaik, Annemarie Goudriaan-de Ru, E.G. Groeneveld, Maria de Groot, Jo de Haas, prof. dr. G.W. Harmsen, prof. dr. D. Harting, A.J. Hensbroek-Reiding, prof. dr. W.F. Heinemeyer, Salvador Hartog, mr. Abel J. Herzberg, A.E. Heuwekemeyer-de Lange, dr. F.A. Hoogendijk, H.J. Hucride, Ellie Jaffé-Freem, prof. dr. H.P.H. Jansen, Auke de Jong, Frits de Jong, Beb de Jong-Bijlsma, J.P. Klautz, K.P. Klimp, Wim Klinkenberg, A.P.E. Korver, prof. dr. E.H. Kossman, dr. J.A. Kossman-Putto, mw. A.L. Kropveld, prof. ir. D.G.H. Latzko, prof. dr. D.J. de Lévita, Géke Linker, prof. dr. Ies Lipschitz, C.E. (Connie) van der Maesen, Els Matthijsen-Plomp, prof. dr. A.F. Mellink, H.H. Mendel, Frans Meyers, S.J. Meyers-Appel, Hanny Michaelis, J. Michman [J. Melkman], prof. dr. C.W. Mönnich, Henk van Nieuwenhuyzen, Miriam Noordenbos, M.B. Nordheim-van Amerongen, dr. F.G.J. Offerijns, dr. C. Offringa, P.A.L. Oppenheimer, C.M. Plomp, Marianne Plomp, prof. dr. J.M. Pluvier, Jacob Polak, J.B.W. Polak, Annie van Raalte-Nunes Nabarro, prof. dr. Karel van het Reve, dr. R.F. Roegholt, J.B. Romein, J.E. Romein, Renate Rubinstein, dr. A.S. Rijxman, C. Rijxman-van der Horst, prof. dr. B.W. Schaper, mr. J. van Schaik, A.M. van Schaik-Ero, dr. P. Schneiders, prof. dr. I. Schöffer, P. Schraa, J. Schröder, G.J. van Setten, H.J. Smit, Pauline Sprengers, W. Sterzenberg, A. Sterzenberg-David, C.J.F. Stuhldreher, G.J. van Suchtelen, Jaap Talsma, Eva Tas, H.G. (Isa) Teske-Baswitz, I.H. (Iet) Verdoorn-Rabbie, prof. dr. A.A. Verrijn-Stuart, B.F. Vos, Theun de Vries, dr. H. Wansink, prof. dr. W.F. Wertheim, dr. E.J. Willems, J. van Witsen, F. Weinreb, W. van Zeytveld, M.N. Zijlstra-Buis.

 

Interviewer: Nanda van der Zee

 

For further information about Jacques Presser, see also: Het leven en werk van Jacques Presser met interviews met Jacques Presser zelf.

 

Belga Sport

Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroeporganisatie
 
Time period: from the second half of the 20th century until now
Number of interviews: ≥100
Accessibility: via enquiry
Period of interviews: 2007-now
Remarks:

The episodes can be viewed in the VRT archive.

 

Belga Sport is a Flemish documentary television series depicting turning points in Belgian sports history. The program, made by Woestijnvis and shown on the Flemish public broadcaster Canvas, digs up fragments from the VRT sports archives and sheds new light on “known” facts through testimonies. The subtitle therefore reads Old sports stories in a new light. The first series was broadcast in the spring of 2007. A new series was recently released in 2024. In June 2008, Belga Sport was awarded the Prize of Television Criticism. And in early 2011, the program received a nomination from the Flemish Television Stars in the category “Best Information Program.

 

There is also a podcast with the creators of Belga Sport. Which can be found here.

Oral history of the Dutch Broadcasting Company

Collection of the Broadcasting Museum and the Institute for Sound and Vision
 
Time period: 1930-1980 and 1940-2012
Number of interviews: 170
Accessibility: For research purposes
Period of interviews: 1982-1993 and 2010-2012
Remarks:

The items can be found in DAAN, the digital archive of Sound & Vision, by the metadata creatorname “Vossen” of the terms “Oral history van de omroep” 

 

In the 1980s, the Broadcasting Museum, the predecessor of the Institute for Sound and Vision, realised that the time was ripe to record the stories of the pioneers of the National Broadcasting Corporation. The programme makers were now well into their old age. The Broadcasting Museum took this opportunity to record their life stories for posterity. These interviews – initiated by Harrie Vossen – contain valuable information about the early years of broadcasting and the further lives of the pioneers. After thirty years new interviews were held. 

 

This collection therefore consists of two parts that differ in character: the first set of 31 audio interviews with broadcasting pioneers dates from 1982-1993 and were conducted by Harrie Vossen. They therefore fall under the Harrie Vossen collection and can be found via DAAN, the digital archive of Sound & Vision with the metadata creator name: “Vossen”. These interviews cover the period 1930-1980 and highlight the early years of the National Broadcasting Company. Also see the following two overviews on the wiki of Sound & Vision concerning the collection Harrie Vossen and broadcasting pioneers: first, an overview of the interviewees of these interviews. Second, an overview of these interviews themselves with parts of the transcripts. The collection Harrie Vossen is a treasure trove for information regarding broadcasting pioneers.

 

The second series of 139 interviews is from 2010-2012 and deals with employees’ experiences of working for broadcasting. These interviews cover the period 1940-2012. Both young and old participated in these interviews so the content varies widely. These interviews can be found in the archive of Sound and Vision under the series Oral History of Broadcasting.

 

Also see our article on this collection “De verborgen schat van Beeld & Geluid” (The hidden treasure of Beeld & Geluid)

Flood disaster 1953

Collectie voormalige Stichting Film en Wetenschap
 
Time period: 1953
Number of interviews: 180
Accessibility: for research purposes
Transcripts: a short summary of 100 interviews
Period of interviews: 1990-1992
Remarks:

The collection has not yet been digitized and therefore cannot be viewed directly at Sound & Vision. Digitization can, however, be requested from Sound & Vision via: zakelijk@beeldengeluid.nl

Medium: 297 cassette tapes

Title: Het water en de herinnering. De Zeeuwse watersnoodramp 1953-1993

Author: Selma Leydesdorff
Publisher: Amsterdam: Meulenhoff, 1993

ISBN: 9789029027717

The interviews relating to the 1953 flood were conducted as part of an oral history project by several groups of (180) students from the Documentation Centre for Contemporary History (DNG) of the University of Amsterdam in 1990-92. Many of the interviewees were direct victims of the disaster, others were related to it as relief workers, administrators etcetera. 

 

The entire project was led by Dr Selma Leydesdorff. She used the interviews in her book Het water en de herinnering. De Zeeuwse watersnoodramp 1953-1993 (with pictures by Ed van Wijk), Amsterdam: Meulenhoff, 1993.

Living with war experiences

Smolinski Foundation
 
Time period: 1940-1945
Number of interviews: 192
Accessibility: restricted public
Period of interviews: 2019-present
 

Herman Teerhöfer managed to interview a large number of survivors, starting from their life stories, about their personal experience and perception of the events and circumstances before, during and after World War II.

The poignant stories have been recorded in people’s homes, in image and sound. All interviewees also give a message for future generations in the interview.

 

Central questions in the interviews are:

  • How were they able to survive and what did they draw strength from?
  • Where did they draw mental support from? What was their footing?

  • How did they make sense of their lives after the war despite many experiences of loss and trauma?

  • How did they experience anti-Semitism prior to and after World War II?

  • What message do they have for future generations regarding tolerance and forbearance?

     

     

From the testimonies and stories goes the warning “Never again war” and at the same time they call for cherishing and celebrating the freedom we now enjoy.

 

Wide-ranging interviews
Over the years, a large collection of interviews has been produced. The topics cover a wide range of aspects of World War II, due to the diverse background and environment the interviewees were in.

 

Smolinski Foundation aims to unlock a large collection of interviews in a way suitable for use during lessons in schools and presentations for cultural and civil society organisations. Digital, interactive teaching materials are also being developed. Interview fragments can also be used in museum presentations.

 

Overview of available interviews

  • 84 life stories of Auschwitz survivors:
    • 20 interviewees were deported from Camp Vught to Auschwitz
    • 28 interviewees were deported to Auschwitz from Camp Westerbork
    • 36 interviewees were deported to Auschwitz from other camps and ghettos outside the Netherlands
  • 25 life stories of Jewish people who managed to survive in hiding during World War II
  • 11 life stories of people who participated in the Jewish resistance during World War II
  • 8 life stories of survivors of Westerbork and Bergen-Belsen
  • 3 life stories of survivors of Westerbork only
  • 1 life story of a survivor of e.g. Camp Amersfoort
  • 10 life stories of survivors of Japanese camps in the former Dutch East Indies
  • 2 life stories of people who were children of NSB parents during World War II
  • 8 life stories of resistance fighters and former political prisoners from Camp Vught
  • 20 life stories of people who survived the Second World War and who, for example, witnessed a bombing (Nijmegen, Tilburg or Rotterdam), or experienced the hunger winter, or joined the Allies at liberation, or other testimonies of the Second World War in the Netherlands
  • 10 life stories of people who witnessed the persecution of Jews in, for example, Amsterdam, Leiden and Tilburg, people who witnessed prisoners being put to work outside the camp in Camp Amersfoort or Camp Vught during World War II. These people lived in the immediate vicinity of Camp Amersfoort or Camp Vught at the time of the war.
  • 10 life stories of people who experienced Anne Frank before and/or during the war in Amsterdam and/or in Westerbork, Auschwitz-Birkenau and/or Bergen-Belsen. They were classmates or close friends of Anne Frank in Amsterdam, or they were fellow prisoners in Westerbork, Auschwitz-Birkenau and/or Bergen-Belsen.

Taporal (Tapols-Oral History)

Ibu Sujinah, Ibu Suharti en Pak Kusalah Soebagyo Toer
 
Time period: 1945-2000
Number of interviews: 192
Accessibility: public
Transcripts: 96 transcripts
Period of interviews: 1992-2000
Remarks:

The interviews are in Indonesian

Medium: Cassette tapes are transferred to digital audio files (WAV)
 

After the 30 September 1965 coup, many Indonesians were killed and thousands were imprisoned on suspicion of communist and leftist sympathies. After returning to Indonesian society, they faced stigmatisation.

 

The Taporal project started in the 1990s. After years of repression and silence, former political prisoners began writing down their memories of the period after the 30 September 1965 coup, their imprisonment and the years after their release. Others were unable or unwilling to write down their stories. They were asked to record their experiences in an interview. The aim of the project was to record as many life stories of ex-political prisoners as possible to ensure that this part of history would not be (consciously) forgotten. The project received partial funding from the IISH in 1993.

 

The interviews focus on events and experiences in the years 1945 – 2000. They mainly discuss Indonesia. Themes include internment camps, concentration camps, political prisoners, forced labour camps, 30 September 1965 coup, stigmatisation, Suharto regime.

 

Indonesian soldier before executing so-called communist suspects. [Source:  insideindonesia.com]

AJC in wartime

Stichting Onderzoek AJC
 
Time period: 1940 - 1945
Number of interviews: 112
Medium: 112 audio cassette tapes (24 digitised)
 

Interviews with former members of the Arbeiders Jeugd Centrale with as a common thread their personal experiences, and the possible role of the AJC in this, during World War II. The interviews are the basis for the book by Geertje Marianne Naarden (Amsterdam, 1979), 112 audio cassettes of which (as yet) 24 have been digitised. The cassettes mainly feature interviews with former members of the Arbeiders Jeugd Centrale (AJC), with an emphasis on their experiences during World War II and any role the AJC played in it. The interviews are the basis for the book Onze jeugd behoort de morgen…: de geschiedenis van de AJC in oorlogstijd by Geertje Marianne Naarden (Amsterdam, 1989). All interviews were conducted by Geertje Marianne Naarden, accompanied in part by co-interviewer Ad van Moock. Besides the interviews, some cassettes contain a radio broadcast, a work meeting, an AJC reunion, a lecture with discussion afterwards and some group meetings. 1 interview was done by Rie Spanjer for her book De AJC dat waren wij . This interview was also used by Naarden as a source for her book Onze jeugd behoort de morgen…: de geschiedenis van de AJC in oorlogstijd .

 

Author : Geertje Marianne Naarden
ISBN : 9789068610413
Publisher : Amsterdam University Press B.V.

The Voice of Leiden

Thuisnaaister in de huiskamer
Historische vereniging oud Leiden
 
Number of interviews: 126
Period of interviews: 2015-present
 

The interviewers of De Stem van Leiden have spoken to dozens of older Leiden people about life in the past in the key city.
The oral history project, which started in 2015, is rock solid and is still ongoing.

A clear manual has been made for interviewers and two information leaflets to hand out, both for people who want to tell about the past and for people who are interested in interviewing.

 

An overview of all the stories resulting from the interviews by the committee De Stem van Leiden, which is part of the Historische Vereniging Oud Leiden and works together with Erfgoed Leiden en Omstreken and the Opleiding Geschiedenis of Leiden University.

 

De geschiedenis verteld – De Stem van Leiden

 

Gezin aan het bonendoppen in de Mirakelsteeg
 

Breda tells

Breda Vertelt
 
Time period: Before, during and right after WOII
Number of interviews: 116
Accessibility: Online available
Transcripts: Unkown
Period of interviews: Since 2009

116 interviews on youtube:

Playlist

 

On the initiative of the City Archives of Breda, Breda residents talk about living, working and life in Breda then and now. Guest interviewers record these spoken stories on film.

We regularly add new interviews to the Oral History Project. These interviews can be seen at Breda Vertelt.

 

Historian Kees Wouters interviewed eyewitnesses of important events in Breda’s recent history. The films he has recorded since 2009 (about the years before, during and immediately after the Second World War) contain many personal experiences that further colour the image of historical reality.

 

The collection of Kees Wouters comprises 116 videos of between 4 and 10 minutes.
All videos from Breda’s Oral History project can be viewed via Youtube.

Camp Amersfoort

kampamersfoort.nl

 

 

Stichting Nationaal Monument Kamp Amersfoort
 
Time period: 1941-1945
Number of interviews: 74
 

National Monument Camp Amersfoort, on the border of Leusden and Amersfoort, is one of the three best known Dutch memorial centers. Between 1941 and 1945, approximately 37,000 prisoners were incarcerated for short or long periods of time in this transit camp, which was also a penal camp under the direct command of the SS.

Over the years Camp Amersfoort National Monument has been able to interview more than 100 former prisoners about their time in the camp during the Second World War. These extraordinary interviews provide an impressive glimpse into what life was like in Camp Amersfoort at the time. Stories about punishment, the bad food, the cruel regime, but also about fellow prisoners and how you tried to survive as a prisoner. As far as possible all interviews will be made available in the near future.