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Interviews WWII – Maurice De Wilde

 
Time period: 1940-1945
Number of interviews: 300
Accessibility: by appointment via vrtarchief@vrt.be
Period of interviews: 80's

In 1982, the then BRT (now VRT) broadcast Maurice De Wilde’s legendary documentary series De Nieuwe Orde. About collaboration with the German occupiers during World War II.

This was followed by other series: about the resistance, the Eastern Front, punishment… For these documentaries, Maurice De Wilde and his collaborators interviewed more than 300 people. Among them well-known collaborators such as Jef Vande Wiele, leader of DeVlag, and Rex leader Léon Degrelle. People from the resistance, ministers, lawyers and professors were also interviewed by Maurice De Wilde in his characteristic style.

 

Documentaries by Maurice De Wilde
The New Order – 19 episodes
The Suspects – 4 episodes
The Time of Retaliation – 8 episodes
The Eastern Frontiers – 7 episodes
The Repression – 5 episodes
The Collaboration – 10 episodes
The Youth Collaboration – 4 episodes
 

DOCUMENTARIES


 

Zikinzá collection

Elis Juliana and Paul Brenneker
 
Number of interviews: 267
Period of interviews: 1960 - 1970
 

On Curaçao, Paul Brenneker and Elis Juliana collected a large amount of oral data beginning in 1958.

Their oldest informant was born about 1853, ten years before the abolition of slavery.

Most of the information collected by Juliana and Brenneker is stored in the Zikinzá Collection, a database consisting of 1,400 songs, stories, and life histories. Anecdotes, childhood memories, rituals and folk songs were taped from 267 informants.

 

Content-wise, Brenneker and Juliana were concerned with capturing the knowledge and wisdom of the older, rural population, who still lived isolated from the city and encroaching modernization on Banda’bou or Band’riba.

 

www.elisjuliana.org

 

 

Rose Mary Allen used the Zikinzá collection for her dissertation, “Di ki manera,” on the Afro-Curaçaoan population in the period after the abolition of slavery.

 

Rose Mary Allen:

In this study I will present the key factors determining the social and cultural life of Afro-Curaçaoans during the first fifty years after the abolition of slavery in 1863. I will do so through a socio-cultural analysis of the social system of which they formed part. Their position within slave society will be the starting point, followed by an evaluation of the two principle elements of social control after emancipation: the State and the Roman Catholic Church. Rather than viewing Afro-Curaçaoans as mere objects to be acted upon, in this analysis I cite them as resilient agents, rising to – and often resisting in a variety of ways – the challenges and restrictions they faced in a free society. Their resilience and resistance are best demonstrated through the factors from which they drew their sustenance; these being mainly their social networks – such as families, peer groups, co-workers, local communities – and their culture, brought to the fore, for example, in their songs, stories and rituals. 

René V. Rosalia,

Tambú ; De legale en kerkelijke repressie van Afro-Curaçaose volksuitingen.

Publisher: Walburg Pers

Zutphen,  1997.

ISBN: 9060119878

 

Rene Vicente Rosalia (b. 1948) received his doctorate from the University of Amsterdam on the legal and ecclesiastical repression of tambu, the multifarious and rich Afro-Antillean cultural expression that recalls the slave past. In addition to being the word for felling drum, tambu is also a collective term for polyrhythmic music, played in twelve-eighths time, dance, symbolism, sacred and everyday rituals, entertainment, community building, conflict resolution, information provision, social protest and courting.

 

He used the Zikinzá collection in addition to his own interviews.

 

See: Article Bernadette de Wit in the Groene Amsterdammer: https://www.groene.nl/artikel/duivelsdans

1953, the story

Watersnoodmuseum
 
Time period: 1953
Number of interviews: >300
Accessibility: YouTube
Transcripts: unknown
 

After the 50th anniversary of the flood disaster, which left so many scars on Texel, in Zeeland, North Brabant and South Holland, renewed attention is being paid to the stories of the eyewitnesses.

 

Former director of the Watersnoodmuseum, Jaap Schoof – himself an eyewitness – has set up the project ‘Oral History, 1953 the story’. Schoof speaks with victims, rescuers and relief workers. Although the project officially ended in November 2013, stories are still coming in. The archive now contains more than 300 interviews and 500 written memories.

 

The aim of the project: to unlock, collect and permanently preserve the written, audio and/or video recordings of (un)known stories from or about the flood disaster.

 

See in particular the oral history project in the 1990s by Selma Leydesdorff

“HET WATER EN DE HERINNERING”

 

The stories of and after February 1, 1953, by victims, relief workers and others directly involved in the flood disaster that left so many scars on Texel, in Zeeland, North Brabant and South Holland.

Zuiderzee project

It is partly a collection of interviews conducted by researchers at the former Social History Centre for Flevoland, which merged with the Nieuw Land Heritage Centre in 2004 and became part of the Batavialand Heritage Park in Lelystad in 2017.

 

Erfgoedpark Batavialand
 
Time period: 1975-2021
Number of interviews: 400
Remarks:

Fragmenten via Flevolandsgeheugen.nl

 

Interviews cover a wide range of topics: history of the Zuiderzee fishery, the Jewish work village in Wieringermeer, the arrival of residents in the IJsselmeer polders, politics and administration, history of government services in the IJsselmeer polders, history of urban planning and design, agriculture, nature conservation, health care, etc. Erfgoedpark Batavialand also manages interviews conducted by Landschapsbeheer Flevoland with residents of Noordoostpolder and Zeewolde regarding the landscape of the IJsselmeerpolders.

Specially Unknown

een alt tekst bij een foto

Emyu in the Centraal Museum for the exihibition “Ik neem je mee, van rugzak naar museum”

 

"Sprekende Geschiedenis is een initiatief van Stichting BMP en is onderdeel van het Nationaal Knooppunt Oral History in samenwerking met diverse partners en steun van het Mondriaan Fonds"
Stichting BMP
 
Time period: 1970-2017
Number of interviews: 248
Accessibility: Most of it is accessible upon request
Transcripts: Anonymised
Period of interviews: 2015-2017

Photo exhibition:
DE WEDEROPBOUW VAN MIJN LEVEN

Opera:
stadsopera onderweg

Exhibition:
Ik neem je mee

 

And many other cultural co-creations based on oral history interviews

ongekendbijzonder.nl

 

On the Ongekend Bijzonder website, you will find the life stories of refugees who have come to the Netherlands in the last 40 years. The oral history project Ongekend Bijzonder recorded 248 life stories as part of contemporary history.

ongekendbijzonder.nl