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Jacques Presser

Collectie voormalig Stichting Film en Wetenschap
 
Time period: 1899-1970
Number of interviews: 126
Accessibility: Restricted
Transcripts: Summary
Period of interviews: 1984 - 1987
Remarks:

The collection has not yet been digitized and therefore cannot be viewed directly at Sound & Vision. Digitization can, however, be requested from Sound & Vision via: zakelijk@beeldengeluid.nl

 

The following can be found in DAAN, the digital archive of Sound & Vision: Een Uur Ischa 01-11-1988 VPRO. An interview with Nanda van der Zee, who conducted these interviews.

Medium: 148 cassettebanden

The interviews were conducted for Van der Zee’s biography of Presser (1899-1970):
Jacques Presser: The Right of Doubt. A biography, Amsterdam: Balans, 1988.

 

Those interviewed (some of them in Jerusalem) are relatives, former pupils, former students, colleagues and other relations of the historian and writer Jacques Presser, who became known for his book Ondergang: de ververvolging en verdelging van het Nederlandse Jodendom 1940-1945 (The Hague: Staatsuitgeverij, 1965). In 1950, the Dutch state commissioned Presser to conduct a study of the fate of the Jews during World War II. For this, Presser spent fifteen years in the NIOD archives. The published book subsequently became a bestseller. Presser is also the creator of the term ego document and is considered one of the great Dutch historians of the modern era.

 

The interviewees talk about Presser’s childhood, background and family ties; student days; teaching at the Vossius Gymnasium and the Jewish Lyceum in Amsterdam; his marriage to Dé Appel; the war years, including the suicide attempt in May 1940, Dé’s deportation and going into hiding; his Jewish identity; second marriage to Bep Hartog; political views; the appointment issue surrounding his appointment as professor of New History at the Political Social Faculty at the University of Amsterdam, founded in 1947; his publications, including his well-known, two-volume Ondergang. The Persecution and Extermination of Dutch Jewry, 1940-1945.

 

Interviewees:

Lie Alma, R. van Amerongen, Josje Appel, Jaap Arnon (alias Jaap van Amerongen), J.Z. Baruch, H. Baudet, Judith Belinfante, dr. Sig. Berreclouw, J.A.H. van Beusekom, E. Biegel-Roozendaal, P.B.M. Blaas, Salvador Bloemgarten, dr. H. Boaz, Els Bonger, prof. J.C. Boogman, Sal Breemer, Philo Bregstein, L. Brester-Flothuis, prof. dr. I.J. Brugmans, dr. W.J. Bruijn, A. Bueno de Mesquita, dr. Fenna van den Burg, dr. Frans Bijlsma, M.G. Bijlsma-Burgers, C.W. Damme[r]-Hamerpracht, Lea Dasberg, Lex van Delden, prof. dr. Sem Dresden, prof. dr. H.W. von der Dunk, Jel van Eck, H.J. van Eck, Marius Flothuis, Ruth Foppema-Wolf, dr. W.J. Formsma, Barend Frankfort, J.G. Frankfort, Chellie Frankfort-Presser, Tine Gewin-Bijlsma, J.J. Giele, Eva M. Gomperts-van Schaik, Annemarie Goudriaan-de Ru, E.G. Groeneveld, Maria de Groot, Jo de Haas, prof. dr. G.W. Harmsen, prof. dr. D. Harting, A.J. Hensbroek-Reiding, prof. dr. W.F. Heinemeyer, Salvador Hartog, mr. Abel J. Herzberg, A.E. Heuwekemeyer-de Lange, dr. F.A. Hoogendijk, H.J. Hucride, Ellie Jaffé-Freem, prof. dr. H.P.H. Jansen, Auke de Jong, Frits de Jong, Beb de Jong-Bijlsma, J.P. Klautz, K.P. Klimp, Wim Klinkenberg, A.P.E. Korver, prof. dr. E.H. Kossman, dr. J.A. Kossman-Putto, mw. A.L. Kropveld, prof. ir. D.G.H. Latzko, prof. dr. D.J. de Lévita, Géke Linker, prof. dr. Ies Lipschitz, C.E. (Connie) van der Maesen, Els Matthijsen-Plomp, prof. dr. A.F. Mellink, H.H. Mendel, Frans Meyers, S.J. Meyers-Appel, Hanny Michaelis, J. Michman [J. Melkman], prof. dr. C.W. Mönnich, Henk van Nieuwenhuyzen, Miriam Noordenbos, M.B. Nordheim-van Amerongen, dr. F.G.J. Offerijns, dr. C. Offringa, P.A.L. Oppenheimer, C.M. Plomp, Marianne Plomp, prof. dr. J.M. Pluvier, Jacob Polak, J.B.W. Polak, Annie van Raalte-Nunes Nabarro, prof. dr. Karel van het Reve, dr. R.F. Roegholt, J.B. Romein, J.E. Romein, Renate Rubinstein, dr. A.S. Rijxman, C. Rijxman-van der Horst, prof. dr. B.W. Schaper, mr. J. van Schaik, A.M. van Schaik-Ero, dr. P. Schneiders, prof. dr. I. Schöffer, P. Schraa, J. Schröder, G.J. van Setten, H.J. Smit, Pauline Sprengers, W. Sterzenberg, A. Sterzenberg-David, C.J.F. Stuhldreher, G.J. van Suchtelen, Jaap Talsma, Eva Tas, H.G. (Isa) Teske-Baswitz, I.H. (Iet) Verdoorn-Rabbie, prof. dr. A.A. Verrijn-Stuart, B.F. Vos, Theun de Vries, dr. H. Wansink, prof. dr. W.F. Wertheim, dr. E.J. Willems, J. van Witsen, F. Weinreb, W. van Zeytveld, M.N. Zijlstra-Buis.

 

Interviewer: Nanda van der Zee

 

For further information about Jacques Presser, see also: Het leven en werk van Jacques Presser met interviews met Jacques Presser zelf.

 

Paul Kiès

Voormalig Stichting Film en Wetenschap
 
Time period: 1895-1960
Number of interviews: 2 (1 person)
Accessibility: Restricted
Transcripts: None
Period of interviews: 1968
Remarks:

The collection has not yet been digitized and therefore cannot be viewed directly at Sound & Vision. Digitization can, however, be requested from Sound & Vision via: zakelijk@beeldengeluid.nl 

Medium: 5 geluidsbanden
 

The interview was incorporated into Nieuwenhof’s article “Paul Charles Joseph Kiès,” in: Mededelingenblad. Orgaan van de Nederlandse Vereniging tot beoefening van de Sociale Geschiedenis no.35, Amsterdam: Nederlandse Vereniging tot beoefening van de Sociale Geschiedenis, March 1969, pp.14-42. The article discusses the life of Kiès (1895-1968) as a professional soldier; as a member of the SDAP, including his conflicts with the party leadership; his success within the (disgruntled) SDAP department Friesland; Kiès’ expulsion from the SDAP in 1937; Kiès’ founding of the association Het Vrije Woord, with the periodical of the same name, and its conversion into the Troelstra Beweging Nederland (TBN); his (unsuccessful) attempts to arrive at a kind of popular front politics with the CPN; his radical change in 1940 to the ideas of the NSB and the Waffen-SS, in which he also involved the TBN, which subsequently started working closely with the NSNAP of E. H. knight Van Rappard; his anti-Semitism; his pro-German radio talk shows as “De Amsterdammer” from 1944; his arrest in 1945 and, in 1948, the conviction by the Special Court in Leeuwarden to 20 years’ imprisonment and lifetime deprivation of civil rights. Kiès died a few months after the interview.

Vegetarians in the Netherlands

Paul Denekamp
 
Time period: 1884-1994
Number of interviews: 1 (3 people)
Accessibility: for research purposes
Transcripts: none
Period of interviews: 6 October1994
Remarks:

Type interview: scientific

The collection has not yet been digitized and therefore cannot be viewed directly at Sound & Vision. Digitization can, however, be requested from Sound & Vision via: zakelijk@beeldengeluid.nl

Medium: 1 cassetteband
 

The interview was conducted on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the Dutch Vegetarian Union. This union was founded on September 30, 1894. The organization represents the interests of vegetarians in the Netherlands. The interviewees are vegetarians from Oosterbeek who in a joint conversation tell about their backgrounds, the motives for becoming a vegetarian, their activities in various associations around this and finally what it means to be a vegetarian.

 

The following individuals were interviewed:

  • E.J. Berkhout
  • J.E. Berkhout-Van Diemen
  • J. Dissen-Lang

 

Interviewer: Paul Denekamp

The life of componist and conductor Otto Klemperer

Philo Bregstein
 
Time period: 1885-1971
Number of interviews: 7 (3 people)
Accessibility: restricted
Transcripts: none
Period of interviews: April 1971
Remarks:

Type interview: journalism

The collection has not yet been digitized and therefore cannot be viewed directly at Sound & Vision. Digitization can, however, be requested from Sound & Vision via: zakelijk@beeldengeluid.nl

 

In DAAN, the digital archive of Beeld & Geluid the following item can be found: Radio Doc: de zoektocht van Philo Bregstein. In this interview Bregstein discusses Klemperer.

 

Medium: 13 audio tapes
 

The interviews were conducted on behalf of Philo Bregstein’s film Otto Klemperer’s journey through his times (1973, 95 min). Bregstein made this film about the German conductor and composer Otto Klemperer (1885-1973) on assignment for R.M. Productions. In these interviews, Bregstein paid attention not only to Klemperer’s life but also to the broader musical climate in Germany in the 20th century. Here, attention is paid to the influence of Mahler, Bruckner, Schoenberg and Strawinsky. The interviews are therefore useful for broader music history.

 

In the early 20th century, Klemperer’s unusual, modern opera staging attracted attention. Klemperer came from a Jewish family and consequently left Germany for the United States in 1933. After World War II, he settled in Zurich. The commentary accompanying the film is largely spoken by the conductor himself, compiled from the interviews. His daughter Lotte also appears in it. The production was later, on May 19, broadcast on German television (ARD) under the title Otto Klemperers lange Reise, which is in the Sound & Vision archives.

 

The following individuals were interviewed:

  • Otto Klemperer (1885-1973)
  • Lotte Klemperer (1923-2003)
  • Katia Mann (1883-1980), the wife of Thomas Mann. After World War II, like Klemperer, she lived in Zurich. Thomas Mann was a great writer and public intellectual.

 

Bregstein also made a separate film in 1971 about the rehearsals leading up to the last concert Klemperer conducted in September 1971. This appeared under the title Otto Klemperer in rehearsal and concert (54 min).

The life and art of the autodidactic artist and farmer Ernst Schäublin

Philo Bregstein
 
Time period: 1895-1975
Number of interviews: 7 (1 person)
Accessibility: restricted
Transcripts: none
Period of interviews: 11 - 17 October 1975
Remarks:

Type interview: journalism

The collection has not yet been digitized and therefore cannot be viewed directly at Beeld & Geluid. Digitization can, however, be requested from Sound & Vision via: zakelijk@beeldengeluid.nl

Medium: 3 audio tapes
 

The interviews with the Swiss farmer and painter Schäublin (1895-1978) were made for Bregstein’s television portrait of his life and work, entitled Boer and Schilder (farmer and painter) and broadcast by the NCRV on September 1, 1976. Bregstein conducted the interviews together with his wife, the painter Marline Fritzius.

 

Early on, the former bank employee Schäublin from Basel retired to the mountain village of Klosters to live as a farmer. In his spare time, he painted a total of about 15 works. However, except for a single exhibition, he kept them for himself. In the interview he talks, among other things, about the painter Grünewald, whom he admired, the writers Lev Tolstoi, Jeremias Gotthelf and Thomas Mann, and the influence he underwent from Buddhism and the writings of Lao-tse. He also talks about his view of hectic modern life and about his own work, in which magical-realist, expressionist and symbolist traits can be recognized.

Corinna van Schendel on Arthur van Schendel

Philo Bregstein
 
Time period: Unknown (van Schendel lived from 1874-1946)
Number of interviews: 5 (1 person)
Accessibility: restricted
Transcripts: none
Period of interviews: 1977
Remarks:

Type interview: journalism

 

The collection has not yet been digitized and therefore cannot be viewed directly at Sound & Vision. Digitization can, however, be requested from Sound & Vision via: zakelijk@beeldengeluid.nl

 

In DAAN, the digital archive of Sound & Vision the following item can be found: Dromen van leven 22-08-1977 NCRV, for which the interviews were used. 

Medium: 10 audio tapes
 

Philo Bregstein interviewed Corinna van Schendel (1909-1985), daughter of the writer Arthur van Schendel (1874-1946). This great Dutch author is known, among other things, for the book Een zwerver verliefd. The interviews were conducted on behalf of a television portrait of her father’s life and work, entitled Dromen van leven, broadcast in the NCRV series “Open Boek” on August 22, 1977. Bregstein and Corinna van Schendel toured places where Van Schendel lived and wrote: Batavia, Florence, Sestri Levante and Amsterdam.

Hendrik Kuiper on the Catholic Workers’ Movement (KAB)

Stichting Film en Wetenschap
 
Time period: 1897-1945
Number of interviews: 1 (1 persoon)
Accessibility: Restricted
Transcripts: Only summary
Period of interviews: 1970
Remarks:

The collection has not yet been digitized and therefore cannot be viewed directly at Beeld & Geluid. Digitization can, however, be requested from Beeld & Geluid via: zakelijk@beeldengeluid.nl 

Medium: 3 audiotapes
 

Hendrik Kuiper (born 1897) started as a garden worker in the Westland, was active in the Roman Catholic Agricultural and Garden Workers’ Union and grew further in the RKWV, becoming a permanent employee in 1935. He recounts his experiences in the various positions he held in the Roman Catholic trade union movement until some time after the war. He would eventually become director of the Social Insurance Bank in Amsterdam.

 

An interesting article on the life of Hendrik Kuiper.

The life and work of Jacques Presser

Philo Bregstein
 
Time period: 1900-1970
Number of interviews: 7 (1 person)
Accessibility: restricted
Transcripts: complete
Period of interviews: December 1969 - March 1970
Remarks:

Type of interview: journalistic

These interviews can be found in Daan, the digital archive of Beeld & Geluid with the following terms: “Stichting Film en Wetenschap” AND Presser. The term “Presser” alone also suffices. It will be the first item of the 627 hits. All seven interviews are there.

 

The following can also be found in DAAN: Dingen die niet voorbijgaan 01-01-1970, the documentary for which the interviews were held

Medium: 6 audio tapes

Title: Gesprekken met Jacques Presser. Gevoerd door Philo Bregstein

Editor: Philo Bregstein

Publisher: Amsterdam: Athenaeum-Polak & Van Gennep, 1972

IBSN: 9789059114210

 

Title: Homo Submersus: een roman uit de onderduik

Author: Jacques Presser (posthumously published by Philo Bregstein)

Publisher: Amsterdam: Boom, 2010

IBSN: 9789085067153 

In Met het oog op morgen 20-04-2010 NOS (which is in DAAN) Bregstein discusses the publishing of this book.

Philo Bregstein in 1969 and 1970 interviewed Jacques Presser (1899-1970), already in his seventies. This historian and writer became known for his book Ondergang: de ververvolging en verdelging van het Nederlandse Jodendom 1940-1945 (The Hague: Staatsuitgeverij, 1965). In 1950, the Dutch state commissioned Presser to conduct a study of the fate of the Jews during World War II. For this, Presser spent fifteen years in the NIOD archives. The published book subsequently became a bestseller. Presser is also the creator of the term ego document and is considered one of the great Dutch historians of the modern era.

 

First of all, Bregstein conducted these interviews for the purposes of the television film Dingen die niet voorbijgaan, broadcast by VARA on May 8, 1970, and in a second, revised and expanded version on October 19, 1970. These interviews included discussions about his childhood, his choice of history as a subject and his experiences as a Jew during the occupation period. From the interview material, Bregstein compiled the commentary for the film.

 

This film commentary was in turn published in the book Dingen die niet voorbijgaan. Persoonlijk geschiedverhaal van 1900 tot vandaag / verteld door Jacques Presser; in beeld gebracht door Philo Bregstein, Amsterdam, 1970. In 1981 the book was reissued as: Dingen die niet voorbijgaan. Persoonlijk geschiedverhaal verteld door Jacques Presser / film van Philo Bregstein, Amsterdam: Meulenhoff (film texts), 1981. More extensive interviews were incorporated in: Gesprekken met Jacques Presser. Gevoerd door Philo Bregstein, Amsterdam: Athenaeum-Polak & Van Gennep, 1972

 

Also see the collection Jacques Presser, where Nanda van der Zee interviewed many people after Presser’s death for a biography.

Red or no bread

© AMSAB-ISG - Binnenzicht van de bakkerij van de coöperatie SM Vooruit. Gent.
Amsab-ISG
 
Time period: 1900-1995
Number of interviews: 68
Accessibility: openbaar
Transcripts: ja
Period of interviews: 1998-1999
Remarks:

Toegankelijkheid: eenmalige registratie en login

Het archief is enkel toegankelijk mits toelating van de archiefvormer of diens afgevaardigde na een beargumenteerde schriftelijke vraag.

Medium: cassetteband - gedigitaliseerd mov
 

Bread was the chief component of the workers’ meal, so a good choice to sell in a cooperative. Everyone who was a member of the cooperative could share in the profits, and every worker naturally bought his bread from the cooperative. In the beginning, the activity remained modest, but once the bread was delivered to homes and the distributed profits increased, the cooperative began to grow.

 

The bakery, which combined advantageous prices with good quality, became a great success. The registration fee was 25 centimes and buyers undertook to buy all their bread from the cooperative. A 6% discount in the form of purchase vouchers and reinvestment of part of the profits quickly made Vooruit grow into a complex organisation with all kinds of activities. People’s pharmacies and shops selling groceries, coal, garments and shoes appeared. By 1901, the company had grown from one bakery with 150 members to several bakeries, twenty outhouses and more than seven thousand members! On the Garenmarkt (now the Anseeleplein), an old factory was bought in which a bakery, as well as a shop, a coffee house and a meeting room were opened. The first Vlaamse Volkshuis was born.

 

These interviews were conducted as part of the Interview Project entitled “Red or no bread. A practicum in the subject methodology of the Newest Times partim Oral History in the second candidature of History (second Bachelor of History), academic years 1998-1999 (teacher: Professor Dr Bruno De Wever).

The history of South Sulawesi

KITLV / W.T. IJzereef
 
Time period: 1905-1986
Number of interviews: 15
Accessibility: public
Transcripts: Interview reports available
Period of interviews: 1981-1985
Remarks:

The material can be requested via the online catalogue of UB Leiden. The recordings can be listened to in the Special Collections Reading Room.

Medium: cassettebandjes

IJzereef, W.T., De wind en de bladeren : hiërarchie en autonomie in Bone en Polombangkeng (Zuid-Sulawesi), 1850-1950. Proefschrift Groningen, 1994. 

 

 

De Zuid-Celebes affaireKapitein Westerling en de standrechtelijke executies

Willem IJzereef

Uitgeverij de Bataafsche Leeuw B.V.

For his research on the history of South Sulawesi, in particular political-military developments during the Indonesian revolution, Willem IJzereef conducted some 15 interviews with former government officials and former military personnel.
Records of the interviews and research correspondence are also included in the archive.

 

The interviews focus on events and experiences in the years 1905 – 1986.
They mainly discuss Indonesia, South Sulawesi. Themes include World War II, Indonesian revolution, Domestic Administration, government officials, South Celebes affair.

 

Publications linked to the collection: IJzereef, W. (1984). The South Celebes affair: captain Westerling
and the summary executions. Batavian Lion.

 

Archive and inventory no: D H 1284. Thirteen cassette tapes have been transferred to the AV collection of the KITLV (D AUD 1085 – 1097)