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Jacques Presser

Collectie voormalig Stichting Film en Wetenschap
 
Time period: 1899-1970
Number of interviews: 126
Accessibility: Restricted
Transcripts: Summary
Period of interviews: 1984 - 1987
Remarks:

The collection has not yet been digitized and therefore cannot be viewed directly at Sound & Vision. Digitization can, however, be requested from Sound & Vision via: zakelijk@beeldengeluid.nl

 

The following can be found in DAAN, the digital archive of Sound & Vision: Een Uur Ischa 01-11-1988 VPRO. An interview with Nanda van der Zee, who conducted these interviews.

Medium: 148 cassettebanden

The interviews were conducted for Van der Zee’s biography of Presser (1899-1970):
Jacques Presser: The Right of Doubt. A biography, Amsterdam: Balans, 1988.

 

Those interviewed (some of them in Jerusalem) are relatives, former pupils, former students, colleagues and other relations of the historian and writer Jacques Presser, who became known for his book Ondergang: de ververvolging en verdelging van het Nederlandse Jodendom 1940-1945 (The Hague: Staatsuitgeverij, 1965). In 1950, the Dutch state commissioned Presser to conduct a study of the fate of the Jews during World War II. For this, Presser spent fifteen years in the NIOD archives. The published book subsequently became a bestseller. Presser is also the creator of the term ego document and is considered one of the great Dutch historians of the modern era.

 

The interviewees talk about Presser’s childhood, background and family ties; student days; teaching at the Vossius Gymnasium and the Jewish Lyceum in Amsterdam; his marriage to Dé Appel; the war years, including the suicide attempt in May 1940, Dé’s deportation and going into hiding; his Jewish identity; second marriage to Bep Hartog; political views; the appointment issue surrounding his appointment as professor of New History at the Political Social Faculty at the University of Amsterdam, founded in 1947; his publications, including his well-known, two-volume Ondergang. The Persecution and Extermination of Dutch Jewry, 1940-1945.

 

Interviewees:

Lie Alma, R. van Amerongen, Josje Appel, Jaap Arnon (alias Jaap van Amerongen), J.Z. Baruch, H. Baudet, Judith Belinfante, dr. Sig. Berreclouw, J.A.H. van Beusekom, E. Biegel-Roozendaal, P.B.M. Blaas, Salvador Bloemgarten, dr. H. Boaz, Els Bonger, prof. J.C. Boogman, Sal Breemer, Philo Bregstein, L. Brester-Flothuis, prof. dr. I.J. Brugmans, dr. W.J. Bruijn, A. Bueno de Mesquita, dr. Fenna van den Burg, dr. Frans Bijlsma, M.G. Bijlsma-Burgers, C.W. Damme[r]-Hamerpracht, Lea Dasberg, Lex van Delden, prof. dr. Sem Dresden, prof. dr. H.W. von der Dunk, Jel van Eck, H.J. van Eck, Marius Flothuis, Ruth Foppema-Wolf, dr. W.J. Formsma, Barend Frankfort, J.G. Frankfort, Chellie Frankfort-Presser, Tine Gewin-Bijlsma, J.J. Giele, Eva M. Gomperts-van Schaik, Annemarie Goudriaan-de Ru, E.G. Groeneveld, Maria de Groot, Jo de Haas, prof. dr. G.W. Harmsen, prof. dr. D. Harting, A.J. Hensbroek-Reiding, prof. dr. W.F. Heinemeyer, Salvador Hartog, mr. Abel J. Herzberg, A.E. Heuwekemeyer-de Lange, dr. F.A. Hoogendijk, H.J. Hucride, Ellie Jaffé-Freem, prof. dr. H.P.H. Jansen, Auke de Jong, Frits de Jong, Beb de Jong-Bijlsma, J.P. Klautz, K.P. Klimp, Wim Klinkenberg, A.P.E. Korver, prof. dr. E.H. Kossman, dr. J.A. Kossman-Putto, mw. A.L. Kropveld, prof. ir. D.G.H. Latzko, prof. dr. D.J. de Lévita, Géke Linker, prof. dr. Ies Lipschitz, C.E. (Connie) van der Maesen, Els Matthijsen-Plomp, prof. dr. A.F. Mellink, H.H. Mendel, Frans Meyers, S.J. Meyers-Appel, Hanny Michaelis, J. Michman [J. Melkman], prof. dr. C.W. Mönnich, Henk van Nieuwenhuyzen, Miriam Noordenbos, M.B. Nordheim-van Amerongen, dr. F.G.J. Offerijns, dr. C. Offringa, P.A.L. Oppenheimer, C.M. Plomp, Marianne Plomp, prof. dr. J.M. Pluvier, Jacob Polak, J.B.W. Polak, Annie van Raalte-Nunes Nabarro, prof. dr. Karel van het Reve, dr. R.F. Roegholt, J.B. Romein, J.E. Romein, Renate Rubinstein, dr. A.S. Rijxman, C. Rijxman-van der Horst, prof. dr. B.W. Schaper, mr. J. van Schaik, A.M. van Schaik-Ero, dr. P. Schneiders, prof. dr. I. Schöffer, P. Schraa, J. Schröder, G.J. van Setten, H.J. Smit, Pauline Sprengers, W. Sterzenberg, A. Sterzenberg-David, C.J.F. Stuhldreher, G.J. van Suchtelen, Jaap Talsma, Eva Tas, H.G. (Isa) Teske-Baswitz, I.H. (Iet) Verdoorn-Rabbie, prof. dr. A.A. Verrijn-Stuart, B.F. Vos, Theun de Vries, dr. H. Wansink, prof. dr. W.F. Wertheim, dr. E.J. Willems, J. van Witsen, F. Weinreb, W. van Zeytveld, M.N. Zijlstra-Buis.

 

Interviewer: Nanda van der Zee

 

For further information about Jacques Presser, see also: Het leven en werk van Jacques Presser met interviews met Jacques Presser zelf.

 

Re-education of juvenile political offenders in children’s homes 1944-1951

Stichting Film en Wetenschap | Project Cogis
 
Time period: 1944-1951
Number of interviews: 10
Accessibility: for research purposes
Transcripts: summary
Period of interviews: 2009
Remarks:

Can be found in DANS

GETUIGENVERHALEN.NL

Audio can be listened to via:

 

 

After the war, some 20,000 children of political offenders, mostly NSB members, ended up in children’s homes. Their parents could no longer care for them because they had been interned under the special postwar justice system. Among the children were also Youthful Political Delinquents (JPDs). In this interview project, former JPDs look back on their time in the children’s homes.

 

A JPD member could be a young person who himself had been active in the NSB youth movement, the Hitlerjugend or who had been deployed in Germany or on the Eastern Front. They could also be children as young as 13 whose parents belonged to the “more serious cases” of collaboration. For example, their parents had played an active role in the NSB or a German organization, had been active in Youth Storm or Hitlerjugend, or had been deployed in Germany or on the Eastern Front.

 

Social re-education after the war took place in special homes or camps run by Bureau Bijzondere Jeugdzorg. This agency was charged with the care and custody of children whose parents had been interned. JPD members were also entrusted to their care. In the eyes of the caregivers, this group in particular constituted a point of concern. It was felt that the elderly among them might be politically infected and could grow up to become “extremist discontented and disillusioned. Re-education into full-fledged Dutchmen was deemed necessary; only by teaching the JPD member to understand what democracy and patriotism meant could these children once again become full members of the community.

 

The phenomenon of political re-education was part of dealing with the “wrong elements” in postwar society. It was an outgrowth of the then dominant right-wrong thinking. The objective of this interview project is to investigate whether, in the experience of those involved, re-education occurred during their stay in the children’s homes, and if so, in what form and with what consequences.

 

Belga Sport

Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroeporganisatie
 
Time period: from the second half of the 20th century until now
Number of interviews: ≥100
Accessibility: via enquiry
Period of interviews: 2007-now
Remarks:

The episodes can be viewed in the VRT archive.

 

Belga Sport is a Flemish documentary television series depicting turning points in Belgian sports history. The program, made by Woestijnvis and shown on the Flemish public broadcaster Canvas, digs up fragments from the VRT sports archives and sheds new light on “known” facts through testimonies. The subtitle therefore reads Old sports stories in a new light. The first series was broadcast in the spring of 2007. A new series was recently released in 2024. In June 2008, Belga Sport was awarded the Prize of Television Criticism. And in early 2011, the program received a nomination from the Flemish Television Stars in the category “Best Information Program.

 

There is also a podcast with the creators of Belga Sport. Which can be found here.

An oral history of design

Vlaams Architectuurinstituut
 
Time period: 1916-2014
Number of interviews: 7 (8 people)
Accessibility: via application form
Transcripts: short summary
Period of interviews: 18 June 2014 - 19 January 2015
 

The cultural heritage of design does not consist only of sketches, models, photographs or correspondence of designers. With design, there is also a strong interaction between explicit knowledge and tacit knowledge, knowledge that may be passed on but which usually does not receive written expression. That is why the Flemish Architecture Institute conducted interviews with designers, policy makers and craftspeople. As a result, the interviews do not all cover the same topics and time periods. A mix of young and old and of profession was chosen; furniture maker, artist, design connoisseur and director of Design Flanders all have their say.

 

The following people were interviewed:

  • Leonce Dekeijser (1924-2015), interior architect, he explains that in his college days, “interior design” did not actually exist. He took courses with architects and decorative arts and eventually earned a degree in furniture art. He discusses the teaching methods, the subjects and his teachers. He talks about the interaction between design and education

  • José Vanderlinden (1920-?), furniture maker, the emphasis in the conversation with José Vanderlinden is, much more than in the conversation with Leonce Dekeijser, on the technical aspects of furniture making.

  • Luc (1953-now) and Katrien Mestdagh (1980-now), stained glass artists, the conversation includes the neo-Gothic tradition in Ghent in terms of stained glass painting, and how it lives on to this day in atelier Mestdagh. They discuss the need for commissioning.
  • Achiel Pauwels (1932-now), ceramist, he talks about how he learned the craft, how the teachers did not always give away the secrets of the craft just like that, and what the relationship was with the other art craft courses and the sculpture course. The conversation also explores the emphases he placed in his own classes and the importance he attached to drawing in doing so.
  • Moniek Bucquoye (1948-2022), connoisseur and promoter of design, the talk provides an insight into how product development education was shaped in Flanders from a historical perspective. She highlights the difference between product development and industrial design.
  • Lieven Daenens (1948-now), former director of the Design museum Ghent. Daenens discusses the evolution of the museum, its change of name and position with the advent of the museum decree in the 1990s. He discusses the quality of Belgian design culture and education in Belgium.
  • Johan Valcke (1952-now), director of Design Flanders, the conversation with Valcke gives an insight into how art crafts and design were viewed in Belgium and Flanders from an economic point of view and a historical perspective.

 

The four interviewers were art historians and artists: Katarina Serulu, Marieke Pauwels, Eva Van Regenmortel and Aletta Rambaut

Johannes Steggerda en Wiero Beek, professors and vocation

Historisch Geluidsarchief RUU
 
Time period: 1947-1969
Number of interviews: 2 (2 people)
Accessibility: for research purposes
Transcripts: none
Period of interviews: 7 May en 18 June 1969
Remarks:

Type interview: journalism

The collection has not yet been digitized and therefore cannot be viewed directly at Sound & Vision. Digitization can, however, be requested from Sound & Vision via: zakelijk@beeldengeluid.nl

 

In DAAN, the digital archive of Beeld & Geluid the following item can be found: Wat is mijn kennis waard? (1969) by Warner Borregaard, the interviews were used for this film.

Medium: audio tapes
 

R.L. Schuursma interviewed two professors in 1969 about their choice of study, career and natural sciences.

The following were interviewed:

  • Prof. dr. ir. Johannes Joseph (Jan) Steggerda (1929-2021), between 1962 and 1994 professor of general and inorganic chemistry at Radboud University Nijmegen. Jan Steggerda was born on January 29, 1929 in The Hague, where he attended the HBS-B of St. Janscollege. After graduating from HBS, he went to study chemistry at the Technical College in Delft in 1947. He obtained his diploma as a chemical engineer in early 1953 and then started working under the leadership of Prof. J.H. de Boer for his PhD research. He received his doctorate on December 7, 1955 with honors for the thesis ‘The formation of active aluminum oxide’.
  • Prof. dr. ir. Wiero Jan Beek (1932-2016), between 1963 and 1970 professor of physical technology at Delft University of Technology. In 1950 he went to the Technical College (now the Technical University) in Delft. Here he studied physical technology under rof. Hans Kramers. In 1962, Beek received his doctorate cum laude for his thesis ‘Mass transfer through moving interfaces’. It is the only cum laude ever presented by Kramers.

 

For more information on the interviews and the interviewed, see: SFW-werkuitgave no. 8 (1995), p. 3, 41.

The inhabitants of Den Dungen during World War Two

Brabants Historisch Informatie Centrum
 
Time period: 1939-1945
Number of interviews: ≥40
Accessibility: partially accessible in the archives
Transcripts: unknown
Period of interviews: 1987-1989
 

About forty residents of Den Dungen speak bout their experiences during World War II. Several people were interviewed, both resistance members and “ordinary” people.

 

In Den Dungen, more than 2,000 gliders flew over the village in September 1944. From September 17 to 26, 1944, the Allies wanted to create a bridgehead across the major rivers in the Netherlands with a major offensive (operation “Market Garden”). In a lightning-fast attack, airborne troops had to secure bridges. Ground troops then had to advance from Belgium across these bridges to the IJsselmeer. Three complete divisions were dropped: the 101st US Airborne Division at Eindhoven and Veghel, the 82nd US Airborne Division at Grave and Groesbeek and the 1st British Airborne Division at Arnhem and Oosterbeek. With the Americans, everything went fairly well. The bridges over the Maas and Maas-Waal Canal near Heumen and most of the bridges near Eindboven fell into their hands and after hard fighting also the Waal Bridge near Nijmegen. But the Rhine Bridge at Arnhem proved to be a bridge too far. The British paratroopers were surprised by German armored troops and had to retreat into the Betuwe under heavy losses.

 

During this massive operation, nearly 800 gliders landed on Brabant soil. In this province, the Den Dungen-Vught-Den Bosch triangle (codenamed ‘Ellis’) was a target for all towing and gliding aircraft. From here they flew to the landing sites.

The liberation of Roosendaal

West-Brabants Archief
 
Time period: 1944-1945
Number of interviews: 9 (8 people)
Accessibility: in the archives
Transcripts: yes
Period of interviews: March-April 1994
Remarks:

These interviews can be found under AC009 within the collection roo – 0260 Geluidsopnamen Roosendaal, 1936-heden.

Besides cassettes there are also exist MP3 and WAV files

Medium: 9 cassette tapes

Title: De bevrijding van West-Brabant, september 1944-mei 1945: een streek en haar bewoners temidden van verwoesting en oorlogsgeweld

Author: Piet Hoedelmans, Adriënne Wagenaar en Ineke de Wolff

Publisher: Het Verboden Rijk, Roosendaal, 1994

ISBN: 9075039026

Ïn 1994 Ineke de Wolff interviewed eight Roosendaalers for her book De Bevrijding van West-Brabant.

The eight people from Roosendaal relate their experiences of the last two years of the war.

 

The liberation of Roosendaal took place on October 30, 1944, by the 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division, the Polar Bears. The advance of the Allies near Roosendaal did not go very smoothly. There was heavy fighting around the hamlets of Vinkenbroek and Boeiink. The Germans were trying to gain time to take up new positions. They fell back en masse behind the rivers Mark and Dintel.

Karel Nort and Radio Herrijzend Nederland

Historisch Geluidsarchief RUU
 
Time period: 1938-1946
Number of interviews: 1 (1 person)
Accessibility: for research purposes
Transcripts: summary
Period of interviews: 5 June 1965
Remarks:

Type interview: scientific

The collection has not yet been digitized and therefore cannot be viewed directly at Beeld & Geluid. Digitization can, however, be requested from Beeld & Geluid via: zakelijk@beeldengeluid.nl

 

In DAAN, the digital archive of Beeld & Geluid the following items can be found: various items of Radio Herrijzend Nederland

As well as a documentary on this topic under the title “Herrijzend Nederland” 18-09-1969 TROS

Medium: 2 audio tapes
 

R.L. Schuursma interviewed Karel Nort (1913-1981), who as chief broadcaster reported the news of the German Capitulation via Radio Herrijzend Nederland on May 4, 1945. The interview covered Nort’s role in the resistance, his work at the AVRO and his role as chief announcer at Radio Herrijzend Nederland.

 

Nort joined the AVRO in 1938 as a sports reporter. After the disappearance of many radio stations, he worked for the nazified (Gleichschaltung) Nederlandsche Omroep until early 1943. When this work became too much for him, he left for Maastricht, where he went to work in the station restaurant. There he became involved in the resistance and was involved in arms smuggling. Then, after the liberation of Eindhoven in 1944, he crossed over at Biesbosch and became a contributor to Radio Herrijzend Nederland. With a makeshift reporter’s truck, he toured the liberated part of the Netherlands. Nort gives an account of this occupation here.

 

When on Saturday, May 5, 1945, the surrender of the Germans became known throughout the Netherlands, the employees of Radio Herrijzend Nederland were still wondering what would happen to the station after liberation. In the first place, the head of the Military Authority decided that Radio Herrijzend Nederland would be taken off the air immediately after liberation. This would eventually happen only in 1946.

 

For more information about the interview and the interviewee, see: SFW work issue no. 8 (1995), p.34

 

 

 

 

The spy organization “the Swiss way”

Historisch Geluidsarchief RUU
 
Time period: 1942-1945
Number of interviews: 2 (1 person)
Accessibility: for research purposes
Transcripts: partial
Period of interviews: 12 and 26 February 1969
Remarks:

Type interview: scientific

The collection has not yet been digitized and therefore cannot be viewed directly at Beeld & Geluid. Digitization can, however, be requested from Beeld & Geluid via: zakelijk@beeldengeluid.nl

Medium: 4 audio tapes

Title: Agent van de Zwitserse weg: het levensverhaal van Jan van Borssum Buisman

Author: Marc Couwenberg
Publisher: Walburg Pers, Zutphen, 2000

ISBN: 9789057301254

The seventy-year-old Gerard Slotemaker de Bruine spoke with interviewers Th. Minderaa, J. Rijken, R.L. Schuursma and Sj. Vellenga about his resistance work during World War II.

 

Slotemaker de Bruine was the son of CHU minister Jan Rudolph Slotemaker de Bruine and Cornelia de Jong. He was very active in the resistance, especially within the spy group “the Swiss Road. The Swiss Road was a common smuggling route during World War II from 1942 to June 1944, part of the Dutch-Paris underground network. Prime Minister Gerbrandy urged Reverend Visser ‘t Hooft to set up an intelligence service to enable contact between occupied Holland and the government in London. Visser ‘t Hooft met Hebe Charlotte Kohlbrugge just at that time, and so the new route was established. The route went via trustworthy persons and addresses from Holland, including Slotemaker de Bruine, to Geneva. Often couriers brought messages to Switzerland via this route that were destined for the government in London. These messages were microfilmed in the Netherlands and often hidden in clothing.

 

After the war, Slotemaker de Bruine became the director of the scientific bureau of the PvdA. Later he broke away from the PvdA because of the Indonesian issue. Throughout his life he maintained close ties with leading theologians and held many societally relevant functions. Between 1963 and 1967, De Bruine served in the House of Representatives on behalf of the Pacifist Socialist Party.

Jan Teunissen, the Dutch film industry and Nazism

Historisch Geluidsarchief RUU
 
Time period: 1939-1945
Number of interviews: 3 (1 person)
Accessibility: for research purposes
Transcripts: summary; complete of one interview
Period of interviews: 13 and 27 November 1964 and 8 January 1965
Remarks:

Type interview: scientific

These interviews can be found in DAAN, the digital archive of Beeld & Geluid: Drie interviews met G.J. Teunissen (Leider Filmgilde 1941-1945) 11-11-1964

Medium: 4 audio tapes
 

Historian R.L. Schuursma interviewed filmmaker Gerardus Johannes (Jan) Teunissen (1898-1975) in 1964 and 1965. Teunissen was a National Socialist filmmaker in the Netherlands. In 1933 he made his first feature film, Willem van Oranje. This was the Netherlands’ first sound film. The interviews therefore provide information about Dutch film history and the role of National Socialism and collaboration during World War II.

 

On August 27, 1940, Teunissen joined Anton Mussert’s National Socialist Movement (NSB). Soon he became head of the NSB’s Film Service. His star rose quickly and it was not long before he was the most powerful man in the Dutch film world during World War II. Between 1941 and 1945 he was leader of the Film Gilde, a part of the Nederlandsche Kultuurkamer. This was a German institution to which all artists, architects, writers, etc. had to be affiliated in order to work. As chairman of the Rijksfilmkeuring, Teunissen was the personification of collaboration within the Dutch film industry.

 

After the Allied victory, Teunissen was imprisoned from November 5, 1945 to May 10, 1948. He was subsequently banned from working in the Dutch film industry for ten years.

 

An article about Teunissen and the first Dutch sound film