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Papua: a history

 
Time period: 1920-2004
Number of interviews: 36
Accessibility: public
Period of interviews: 2000-2004
Remarks:

The collection will be public and accessible during 2023. The collection can then only be accessed in the reading room or listened to online via a protected environment (password required).
The files cannot be downloaded.

 

The interviews were conducted as part of Dirk Vlasblom’s publication Papua: a history. This book covers five centuries of Papua’s history, focusing on the period from 1945 onwards and with a special focus on the transfer from the Netherlands to Indonesia in 1962. The book focuses on the perspective of Papuans.

The interviews focus on events and experiences in the years 1920 – 2004.
They mainly discuss Indonesia and West Papua. Themes include World War II, Indonesian revolution, transfer to Indonesia in 1962, occupation.

 

The collection has been digitised and stored permanently at an e-depot.

Papoea: Een geschiedenis

Vlasblom, D. 

University Press, Amsterdam, 2004

ISBN 90-5330-399-5
9 789053-303993

Dirk Vlasblom (1952) studied cultural anthropology in Utrecht. With a brief interruption, he has been a correspondent for NRC Handelsblad in Jakarta since 1990. He previously published Jakarta, Jakarta – Reportages from Indonesia (1993), In a warung on the South Sea – Stories from Indonesia (1998) and Anchors & Chains – A Rotterdam Chronicle (2001).
In a compelling way, the author tells the stories of Papua. For this, he drew on unique sources. Protagonists and eyewitnesses speak for themselves, often for the first time. The archives of mission and mission were systematically researched for this book, also for the first time.
With this magisterial work, the author gives the Papuans their history.

BEKU (weekly radio program)

http://archivoboneiru.com/collectie?mistart=24&mivast=2586&mizig=103&miadt=2586&miamount=4&micols=3&milang=nl&miview=gal1&mibj=1960&miej=1980&miaet=1
Bòi Antoin
 
Time period: 2007 - now
Number of interviews: 32
Accessibility: Online
Transcripts: Onbekend
 

Journalist and author Bòi Antoin has built up an extensive collection of Bonairean cultural heritage on Bonaire in recent years. BEKU is a weekly two-hour radio program, on the air since 1985, first as Radiotopiko and since 2007 as BEKU. BEKU is broadcast at radio station Voz di Boneiru 94.7FM. The program provides a platform for the entire community to bring forward, discuss and exchange the state of local holistic culture and dynamic society. All programs are live streamed, recorded and can be viewed on facebook.

 

More information on the various collections captured by Bòi Antoin can be found here.

Herensia (Heritage)

http://archivoboneiru.com/collectie?mistart=24&mivast=2586&mizig=103&miadt=2586&miamount=4&micols=3&milang=nl&miview=gal1&mibj=1960&miej=1980&miaet=1
Bòi Antoin
 
Time period: 1900 - now
Number of interviews: 1206
Accessibility: Partly
Transcripts: Unknown
Period of interviews: Unknown
 

Journalist and author Boi Antoin has built up an extensive collection of Bonairean cultural heritage on Bonaire in recent years. Oral history has been recorded primarily through the program “Herensia” (Heritage). Many of these recordings are online.

 

Interviews have been conducted in Papiamentu. Dutch interviews were conducted in the collection Makambanan na Boneiru (Dutch on Bonaire). More information about the various collections recorded by Bòi Antoin can be found here.

 

 

Museum Maluku interview project

Moluccan residence Villa Elzenpasch

Moluks Historisch Museum (het huidige Museum Maluku)
 
Time period: 1930-2008
Number of interviews: 10
Accessibility: restricted public
Transcripts: no
Period of interviews: 2002-2008

Remarks:

Database/inventory: List of names of interviewees available
Sound carrier: DV tapes converted to digital video files (AVI)

 

The interviews can be listened to by appointment at Museum Maluku, located in Museum Sophiahof. (Requests) can be sent to: collectie@museum-maluku.nl.

 

Moluccans in the Netherlands

The interview project was conducted as part of the presentation and disclosure of collections. The purpose of the interviews was to capture stories for the renewed permanent exhibition starting in 2008.

 

The interviews focus on events and experiences in the years 1930 – 2008.
They mainly discuss the Netherlands, Indonesia and the Moluccas. Themes include KNIL, military police, residential areas Zeeland, residential area Elzenpasch, women’s emancipation, Moluccan church, management of residential areas.

 

Interviewers: Jeanny Vreeswijk-Manusiwa and Nanneke Wigard.

Moluccans in the Netherlands various

Moluks Historisch Museum (currently Museum Maluku)
 
Time period: 1930-2006
Number of interviews: 6
Accessibility: restricted public
Period of interviews: 1990, 2001-2006
Remarks:

Archive numbers: AVD0207 through AVD0212

The interviews are not yet unlocked. The interviews are
available to listen to by appointment at Museum Maluku, located in Museum Sophiahof. The AVD issues can be listened to digitally. (Questions and requests can be sent to: collectie@museum-maluku.nl

Medium: Minidiscs converted to digital audio files (WAV)
 

Museum Maluku has several interviews in its collection collected for various reasons.
The interviews discuss events and experiences in the years 1930 – 2006.
They are mainly about the Netherlands, Groningen and Indonesia, the Moluccas. Themes include camp elders, Carel Coenraadpolder (CC polder), Commission Rechtspositie Ambonese Militairen en Schepelingen (CRAMS), Dutch Royal Navy.

We, women

 
Time period: 1960-present
Number of interviews: 18
Accessibility: by appointment via vrtarchief@vrt.be
Period of interviews: 2022
 

The struggle for equal status and representation of women and men in Flanders is more than a century old. Great strides have been made, but we are not there yet. Using testimonies and archive footage, the four-part series ‘We, women’ outlines the evolution of the position of women in our society, both privately and in public life.

 

How have wrong expectations, upbringing, glass ceilings, discrimination, pressure, prejudice or other obstacles made it difficult for women to develop to their full potential in recent decades? For example, in the areas of upbringing, education, marriage, family, sexuality, work and politics. How have they dealt with this? What have action groups, politicians and individual women been able to change? And how do women experience all these obstacles today?

 

In ‘We, women’, women of all ages and walks of life tell their stories, together with politicians, figureheads of the women’s movement and former ‘Dolle Mina’s’. Their testimonies are illustrated with punishing archive footage. These are at times disconcerting and at other times funny stories about being brought up as a housekeeper, fighting to be allowed to study, the conquest of men’s professions, sexual taboos and men who still think they know better. The four episodes focus successively on sexuality, marriage and family, professional life and politics.

 

We, women’ uses the tried and tested formula of Children of…: the entire historical and current story is told by committed witnesses who look the viewer straight in the eye.

A surprising look behind the scenes of the struggle for women’s rights. Often stunning archive material that not least puts the sexism of our own public broadcaster on display. And eighteen women who draw you into their stories and leave you with deep respect.

The episodes

Videos can be viewed if you are logged in and have confirmed your Belgian residence or identity

 

S1 | Afl.1

In charge of your own body

Battle for sexual freedom, from taboo on monthlies to Metoo

 

S1 | Afl.2

Women must know their place

For decades, women have been brought up to be obedient to men.

 

S1 | Afl.3

Welcome to the world of men

For a long time, education prepared girls mainly for the household.

 

 

S1 | Afl.4

Women in power

Women organised, resisted and conquered their place

Below is an overview of the 18 witnesses – or participants in Canvas’ documentary We, Women – arranged by age.

 

  • Victoire Van Nuffel (1937): cycling champion and bar owner, openly lesbian at a time when that was anything but obvious.
  • Nelly Maes (1941): politician who fought against sexism in politics and campaigned for women’s rights.
  • Gerlinda Swillen (1942): Dutch teacher and VUB researcher, militant for equal pay for equal work.
  • Ida Dequeeker (1943): emancipation official at VDAB, co-founded the Dolle Mina movement in Flanders and participated in the influential Vrouwen Overleg Komitee.
  • Lieve Flour (1944): administrative assistant in the construction sector, grew up in a stifling traditional environment and overcame a humiliating marriage.
  • Josette Franckson (1946): worker FN Herstal, involved in the legendary women’s strike at that factory in 1966.
  • Margot Roggen (1948): administrative assistant in the insurance sector, often had to fight against male privilege and even overt discrimination as a child and later during her studies and at work.
  • Marie Jeanne Declerq (1950): police commissioner, made a career in the male bastion of the Judicial Police.
  • Liliane Versluys (1951): lawyer and visual artist, engaged in the Leuven refuge and published the controversial book Your Rights as a Woman (1987).
  • Moniek Darge (1952): composer, was active in Dolle Mina and founded Vrouwen Tegen Verkrachting.
  • Kati Couck (1954): ABVV staff member, active with Dolle Mina, founded abortion centre Kollektief Anticonceptie, started Vluchthuis Gent and organised self-defence courses for women.
  • Linda Van Crombruggen (1960): former complaints coordinator VRT, testifies about sexism and sexual harassment in her own home.
  • Khadija Zamouri (1967): politician, distanced herself from her conservative Moroccan Islamic milieu, became politically active with Open VLD, went to work on cabinets and became a Brussels MP.
  • Leyla Yüksel (1971): became a gynaecologist with the full support of her parents and, in her own words, was more bothered by sexism among white doctors than Turkish patriarchs.
  • Wendy Van den Heuvel (1978): administrative clerk and author, her mother was abused by her father. Recently, two male colleagues ambushed her on a dating site and shared her intimate photos. She left the company, but her experience inspired her to write a book.
  • Pinar Akbas (1980): has mixed feelings about her Turkish upbringing, went to college and temporarily entered politics, is currently a nurse and published her autobiography Niran and me this year.
  • Heleen Struyven (1988): worked as a lawyer at reputable firms, but noticed that sexism still exists there too. Yet she kept going for it… until she crashed.
  • Romy Schlimbach (1995): was bullied for her looks in childhood, experienced an eating disorder, an admission and severe depression, but today she is a plus-size model and influencer: body positivity is the alternative she promotes to the stifling beauty ideal.

East Indies in your Soul

Stichting Oorlogsverhalen, Pia Media
 
Time period: 1930-heden
Number of interviews: 14
Accessibility: beperkt openbaar
Transcripts: samenvattingen beschikbaar
Period of interviews: 2021-2022
Remarks:

Op aanvraag en bij hoge uitzondering kan het ruwe materiaal bekeken worden.

 

Indië in je Ziel are the personal stories of those who lived through it from the time of the Japanese occupation, and those who know its consequences as spouses, children, grandchildren and, yes, even great-grandchildren. How did the war and the East Indies affect their lives? From then to now. How does this make you feel? And what do you do with it?

 

Reason for the documentary project Indië in je Ziel was the expected great attention to the Indonesian war of independence in connection with the research results of the research programme Independence, decolonisation, violence and war in Indonesia, 1945 – 1950 of the Royal Institute of Language, Land and Ethnology (KITLV), the Netherlands Institute for Military History (NIMH) and the NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies.

The War Stories Foundation wanted to start a project in which the violence of that time is given a place in personal testimonies. Main questions are: How did the war and the East Indies affect your life? How does it make you feel? And what do you do with it?

 

War Stories Foundation is still collecting stories to be recorded under the same project name.

 

Themes include World War II, Japanese occupation, Indonesian revolution, reoccupation, internment camps, prisoners of war, migration, trauma.

 

Pia Media produced five TV broadcasts for Omroep MAX Indië in je Ziel in 2022 (in the final phase of the project) in which (some of) these interviews were used.

 

Indië in je Ziel

 

Five short documentaries by the War Stories Foundation portraying both Dutch East Indies and Indies veterans. It also shows how their experiences continue to have an impact on the second, third and sometimes even fourth generation: they too have the Dutch East Indies in their souls today.

Black under Orange

Stichting Nusantara Amsterdam
 
Time period: 1980-2017
Number of interviews: 17
Accessibility: restricted public
Transcripts: no
Period of interviews: 2016 - 2017
Remarks:

If interested, please contact Stichting Nusantara Amsterdam via: info@nusantara-amsterdam.nl.

 

The Nusantara Amsterdam Foundation conducted 17 interviews with young people whose family histories lie in former Dutch colonies as part of the Black under Orange project. After 13 interviews were conducted, a meeting was organised in which their stories were shared. Four more young people were then interviewed. A number of young people then embraced this initiative. Under the name Black x Orange, they organise various activities in which they link the colonial past to contemporary social themes such as remembrance, freedom and racism.

 

The interviews focus on events and experiences in the years 1980 – 2017.
They mainly talk about the Netherlands. Themes include colonial history and influence
of family history on one’s own life.

 

Website Nusantara Amsterdam: https://nusantara-amsterdam.nl/

Storytelling project Antara Nusa

Aankomst Indonesische immigranten op Centraal Station, Amsterdam (foto: R.W. Wettstein)
Stichting Nusantara Amsterdam
 
Time period: 1930-2017
Number of interviews: 11
Accessibility: restricted public
Period of interviews: 2016-2017
Remarks:

If interested, please contact Stichting Nusantara Amsterdam via: info@nusantara-amsterdam.nl

 

When Nusantara Amsterdam Foundation was established in 2006, it was decided to work with Zieraad Foundation to record the life stories of visitors to the session afternoons organised by Nusantara Amsterdam Foundation. Within this storytelling project, 11 interviews were conducted. Video and audio recordings of the interviews were made by Ben and Ineke Vink. 10 of the interviews formed the basis for the book Antara Nusa, life stories of elderly people from the East Indies/Indonesia (2018) compiled by Yvette Kopijn (Zieraad foundation) with the cooperation of Hanoch Nahumury, secretary of Nusantara Amsterdam Foundation and Armando Ello, photographer. During the writing process, several follow-up interview sessions were held of which no recordings are available.

The interviews focus on events and experiences in the years 1930 – 2017. They mainly discuss Indonesia, Java, Sumatra, Ambon and New Guinea and the Netherlands.
Themes include colonisation, struggle for independence, Japanese occupation, World War II, Indonesian revolution, migration, RMS, upbringing, childhood, identity, class society, loss, displacement, uprooting, resilience, courage, racism.

 

Relevant links: Website Nusantara Amsterdam: https://nusantara-amsterdam.nl/
Facebook page Zieraad Foundation: https://www.facebook.com/StichtingZieraad/

Antara Nusa. Levensverhalen van ouderen uit Indië/Indonesië.

Kopijn, Y.

LM Publishers, 2018

Over the years, a lot has been written about settling and processing the end of the Dutch East Indies. The voice of the totoks (white Dutchmen) has been strikingly dominant in this. This book wants to offer the reader an alternative, multi-voiced perspective. It features elderly people of Indonesian, Moluccan, Timorese, Indonesian-Chinese and Surinamese descent.

Archive Boneire Bòi Antoin

Bòi Antoin
 
Time period: 1900 - present
Number of interviews: >1000
Accessibility: Partly

 

ARCHIVOBONEIRU.COM/INTERVIEW

Number of interviews digitised available: 137

Language: Papiamentu 

 

ARCHIVOBONEIRU/BEKU

Number of interviews: 32 

Language: Papiamentu

 

HERENSIA

Oral history has been recorded mainly through the programme ‘Herensia’ (=heritage in Papiamentu). Many of these recordings are on the Vimeo channel:

https://vimeo.com/user16789416

Number of interviews: 1206

Language: Papiamentu

 

Makambanan na Boneiru (Dutch on Bonaire)

Number of interviews: 22

https://vimeo.com/search/?q=Makambanan+na+Boneiru

 

HERENSIA via BONAIRE.TV

 

Bonaire.tv/youtube-kanaal

Number of interviews: 326

Language: Papiamentu

WHAT IS ARCHIVO BONEIRU?
Journalist and author Boi Antoin has built up an extensive collection of Bonairean cultural heritage on Bonaire in recent years. The material is stored in a room measuring about six by four metres. The collection includes 20th-century photographs, video tapes, audio tapes, objects, books and documents. Although the material is not very old, storage conditions in Bonaire are far from ideal, so the deterioration in its material condition is easy to see.

Plataforma Kultural and Fundashon Historiko Kultural Boneriano have taken the initiative to have the existing material digitised and made accessible. They are collaborating with Regionaal Archief Dordrecht in the process. The National Archives advised and the Institute for Sound and Vision will include part of the collection in its catalogue.

 

Programme category:

Boneiru Ayera i Awe (Bonaire past and present): 460
Documentaries: 70
Herensia (Heritage): 1385
Herensia di Siglo (Heritage of the Ages): 85
Aki Boneiru: 446 (1981- )
Aktualidat: 38 (oug 2021- )
Beku (weekly radio programme): ±1000 (2007- )